Russian language is entirely forbidden in Ukraine

Summary

The Russian language was cancelled entirely in Ukraine: education in Russian was cancelled, the media in Russian was cancelled.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine and discrimination against Russian speakers.

On April 25, the Verkhovna Rada passed the law "on ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as a state language". The law establishes mandatory use of the Ukrainian language in most areas of public and communal life, including the mass media, education, science, etc.

However, the law does not forbid the use of Russian or other languages in private communication and religious ceremonies. Moreover, Russian and other languages can be present in book publishing, the press, including radio and television, education and the service sector. The law allows the use of other languages in the healthcare system and law enforcement.

In addition to this, the law stipulates that in accordance with the European Charter for Regional Languages and Languages of National Minorities, the government should develop a law safeguarding language-rights of the minorities within six months of the language law entering into force.

For discrimination of the Ukrainian language, including in favour of Russian, only administrative penalties are foreseen by law. For violating language policy in the humanitarian sphere - education, science, culture, sports - there is a fine of 200-300 times the non-taxable minimum wage (now it has risen from 3400 to 5100 hryvnias). The entry into force is delayed for three years.

Similar disinformation case can be found here. For background on the Ukrainian language laws, see here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 160
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 07/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Anti-Russian, Russian language
  • Outlet: 60 minut @ Rossiya 1 time 11:05-11:15
see more

Poland re-writes the history of the Warsaw Uprising accusing the USSR for its failure

Recently, Poland has been making attempts to re-write the history of the Warsaw Uprising, accusing the Soviet Union for its failure. According to Russian historians, the message that “Stalin refused to help the inhabitants of Warsaw during the Uprising” was initially spread by German propaganda.

 

 

Disproof

A common Soviet and Russian disinformation narrative aimed to prove that Soviet troops could not support the Warsaw Uprising due to numerous objective reasons (such as the lack of necessary forces, overstretched supply lines, lack of communication with the Polish Home Army and the Polish Government in London, etc.). This message should be perceived as a part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism.

According to Norman Davies, there is a consensus among the majority of Polish and Western historians that it was a political decision of Stalin not to support the Uprising in order to let German troops destroy the forces of the Home Army (which tried to re-establish the independent Polish state). During the Uprising, Soviet Troops were situated in very close proximity to Warsaw, but they did not receive orders to assist. Moreover, the Soviet authorities hampered the flights of the British Royal Air Force supporting the Uprising (by not allowing Allied planes to land on the Soviet-controlled territory).
See other examples of Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland here and here.

ISIS was created by deceased US senator John McCain and the CIA

The Islamic State was created in Syria in 2011-2013 by now-deceased US senator John McCain and the CIA.

Disproof

No evidence given to support this claim and a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that either the US or the West is behind the creation of ISIS/Daesh.This message is part of a broader conspiracy theory alleging that the United States has established many terrorist organizations and controls global terrorism. See similar messages here, here and here.

Novichok, the nerve agent that poisoned the Skripals, was not made in Russia

Former British Prime Minister Theresa May lied when she claimed that the Novichok nerve agent used in the Skripal poisoning was made in Russia. The British lab in Porton Down denied that the poison was made in Russia.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Skripal poisoning in the UK, attempting to divert attention from Russia's proven responsibility for the attack. Several conspiracy theories have also focused on the Porton Down laboratory. Earlier, for example, pro-Kremlin media have claimed that Porton Down might have manufactured Novichok, and that Porton Down was responsible for the Amesbury poisoning.

As clearly stated  by Ambassador Karen Pierce, UK Permanent Representative to the UN, at the Security Council on the 5th of September 2018, UK police and UK intelligence services have produced sufficient hard forensic evidence to charge two Russian nationals, identified as officers of the Russian Military Intelligence, GRU, for the attack against the Skripals. The investigative outlet Bellingcat has later revealed the identities of the two Russian nationals.