Allegations about Russia’s violation of the INF treaty are false

Summary

US allegations that Russia’s 9M729 missile violates the INF Treaty are false. They are based on intelligence fabricated by the CIA and the US Geospatial Intelligence Agency.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the US is entirely responsible for the demise of the INF Treaty because of its noncompliance in several areas, and that Russia is fully compliant with the treaty.

Pro-Kremlin outlets often claim that the US and other Western intelligence agencies fabricate intelligence reports in order to mislead Western decision-makers into adopting anti-Russian policies, or in order to justify them.

The US government issued detailed refutations of Russian accusations of US noncompliance with the INF Treaty (see previous cases on the subject). In July 2014, President Obama officially accused Russia of testing an intermediate-range land-launched missile in violation of the treaty. Russia’s violations were also acknowledged by NATO Foreign Ministers in a meeting in Brussels on December 4th 2018. NATO allies share the US government’s assessment that Russia has developed and fielded a missile system, the 9M729, which violates the INF Treaty and poses significant risks to Euro-Atlantic security.

In a statement released on February 1st 2019, the North Atlantic Council noted that Russia had “taken no demonstrable steps toward returning to full and verifiable compliance” and that “Russia will bear sole responsibility for the end of the Treaty.”

More disinformation cases on the INF treaty can be found here, here, here and here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 138
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/02/2019
  • Language/target audience: Italian
  • Country: Russia, US
  • Keywords: Nuclear issues, Missile defence system, CIA
  • Outlet: Sputnik Italia
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After the EU managed to negotiate an agreement over Nord Stream 2, Ukrainians were given a consolation prize. Ukraine was given permission to deny access to Russian election observers. Russia may thus question the legitimacy of the next Ukrainian president.

 

Disproof

Conspiracy theory with no evidence. Consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the presidential election in Ukraine.

The decision to block the participation of Russians from the ODIHR election observation mission in Ukraine was taken by Ukrainian authorities, and by them alone, and approved by the Ukrainian parliament.

Radical Islam in Kosovo and the Balkans exploited by the US and UK to weaken Russia

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Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the US and the West creating and/or supporting radical Islam and Islamist terrorism in the Middle East, as well as working with ISIS/Daesh. The West has been fighting an intense and multidimensional global terrorist threat since 9/11. There is no evidence whatsoever that the US, NATO, or the EU have supported Daesh or other jihadist groups in Syria. The US-led military campaign in Syria and Iraq has clearly targeted Daesh and other jihadist organisations. More disinformation cases can be consulted here and a recent case can be found here.

Although there have been several instances of terrorist foreign fighters who travelled from Kosovo to Syria and Iraq, the notion of Kosovo as the "centre of radical Islam in Europe" does not reflect reality. Kosovo's population is overwhelmingly secular or otherwise practises an open and tolerant version of Islam. According to the Kosovar Centre for Security Studies, only around 400 Kosovo citizens have travelled to the conflict zones in Syria and Iraq. Of these 400, only 250 individuals are considered to be foreign fighters, whereas the rest are women and children.