Disinfo: Soviet troops waiting for the Warsaw Uprising to bleed out is a myth


Affirmations that the Red Army waited along the shores of the Vistula river in Warsaw in 1944 while Nazi troops crushed the insurrection of Polish rebels because Stalin wanted to destroy Polish nationalist forces are a myth, as shown by newly declassified documents from Russia’s Ministry of Defence. Actually, the Soviet troops lacked the means to launch a whole offensive to liberate the city, but they managed to supply the rebels with weapons, ammunition and food. In any case, the so-called Armia Krajowa or National Army hailed as the only true heroes by the Polish government actually became armed gangs who terrorised the Polish population after the liberation.


This is part of a recurrent Russian narrative to portray the Red Army as liberators of Eastern Europe and not as its occupiers. The current disinformation campaign against Poland was launched in reaction to the resolution of the European Parliament in September 2019 on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe, expressing deep concern on the efforts of the current Russian leadership to distort historical facts and whitewash crimes committed by the Soviet totalitarian regime. This resolution was perceived by the Kremlin historians as an act of aggression. Actually, the occupation and ‘sovietisation’ of Poland and the rest of the Eastern Bloc was achieved with terror, mass repressions, nationalisation of industry, expropriation of privately owned land, environmental disasters, destruction of the market economy and restrictions of civil and political freedoms. Writing about the Warsaw Uprising, Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki clarified that “the Red Army stared on idly at the agony of Warsaw. The city’s two uprisings, the first in the Jewish ghetto in 1943, the second in the entire city in 1944, were evidence of the ruthlessness of German crimes. But while the people of Warsaw waited hopefully for help, Joseph Stalin never ordered the Red Army to intervene.” This has also been the conclusion of professional historians for the last 75 years. According to the Polish Institute of National Remembrance, the declassified documents published by Russia do not bring any significant new information on Soviet operations during 1944-1945. The institute also states that during this period, the Soviet Union, at the same time as fighting Germany, pursued a consistent policy aimed at preventing the reconstruction of the independent Republic of Poland. The Soviet documents falsely present the Polish Home Army self-defence actions against Soviet enslavement, massive repression and murders by the NKVD and other formations in the parts of Poland occupied by the USSR as "terrorist activities", hiding the entire Soviet policy against Poland's independence in 1944-1945. See other examples of disinformation on this topic, such as the terrorist activities of the Polish Home Army, how its supposed cooperation with Nazi forces made them rich thanks to concentration camps, the alleged lawfulness of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact or the claims that Poland and the Baltics are distorting WWII history.


  • Reported in: Issue 183
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/01/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Spanish
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Poland, Russia
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, Red Army, USSR, WWII
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Disinfo: Suspension of Sputnik Estonia is censorship

Residents of Estonia decided that the suspension of Sputnik is censorship. These were viewers who watched a discussion program on the Estonian TV channel ETV+ on sanctions against the agency. Political and economic sanctions against journalists are censorship.


Estonia is on the 11th place of Reporters without Borders Press freedom index. Estonia has not blocked Sputnik Estonia's website and it is accessible. The Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Reinsalu has emphasized that Estonia has not taken any measures against the portal's media content: "They are financial sanctions aimed at economic activity. I believe it to be justified. We have notified the European Commission's Legal Service. European agencies have said in the Commission that steps taken by Estonia in exercising sanctions policy are warranted."

The steps taken by Estonia are based on the Article 2 of the Council Regulation (EU) No 269/2014 on the territorial integrity of Ukraine that foresees freezing the assets of Dmitry Kiselyov, the Director-General of Rossija Segodnya. According to the articles of association of the company, the Director-General has the right to decide upon opening bank accounts and carry out invoicing. This corresponds to the condition "having the right to use all or part of the assets of a legal person or entity" in the EU Best Practices for the effective implementation of restrictive measures.

Disinfo: The EU intentionally destroyed economies of the Baltic states

The Baltic states are facing demographic catastrophe because its youth emigrated. This happened as a result of the EU’s deliberate destruction of the Baltic states’ economies.


This is a conspiracy theory and propagandistic claim aimed at discrediting the EU and its economic policies and to ridicule the Baltic states by exacerbating the demographic decline that they face. In fact, many other eastern European countries experience a population decline, including Russia.

Economies of the Baltic states during their EU membership grew at a much higher rate than Eurozone economies. Although the GDP per capita in the Baltic states remains below the EU average, it has been rapidly approaching the average. For instance, this indicator for Estonia stood at 54% when the country joined the EU and increased to 77% by 2017. The economic situation of all three Baltic states is rather positive and demonstrates one of the leading economic growth indicators in the EU. The dynamics within the last years can be seen here.

Disinfo: Foreign espionage could be to blame for Iran downing flight PS752

Foreign espionage might be to blame for Iran downing flight PS752. Today, there is a new angle about the recent tragedy that occurred in Iran (downing of the Ukrainian plane PS752): it may have been caused by the fact that someone intercepted the signal and gave a signal to the operator (Iranian base) to act differently.


Conspiracy theory about the downing of the Ukrainian flight PS 752.

The Iranian authorities initially denied responsibility but the Revolutionary Guard admitted that the plane had been mistaken for a "cruise missile" during heightened tensions with the US.