Disinfo: Soviet troops waiting for the Warsaw Uprising to bleed out is a myth

Summary

Affirmations that the Red Army waited along the shores of the Vistula river in Warsaw in 1944 while Nazi troops crushed the insurrection of Polish rebels because Stalin wanted to destroy Polish nationalist forces are a myth, as shown by newly declassified documents from Russia’s Ministry of Defence. Actually, the Soviet troops lacked the means to launch a whole offensive to liberate the city, but they managed to supply the rebels with weapons, ammunition and food. In any case, the so-called Armia Krajowa or National Army hailed as the only true heroes by the Polish government actually became armed gangs who terrorised the Polish population after the liberation.

Disproof

This is part of a recurrent Russian narrative to portray the Red Army as liberators of Eastern Europe and not as its occupiers. The current disinformation campaign against Poland was launched in reaction to the resolution of the European Parliament in September 2019 on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe, expressing deep concern on the efforts of the current Russian leadership to distort historical facts and whitewash crimes committed by the Soviet totalitarian regime. This resolution was perceived by the Kremlin historians as an act of aggression.

Actually, the occupation and ‘sovietisation’ of Poland and the rest of the Eastern Bloc was achieved with terror, mass repressions, nationalisation of industry, expropriation of privately owned land, environmental disasters, destruction of the market economy and restrictions of civil and political freedoms. Writing about the Warsaw Uprising, Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki clarified that “the Red Army stared on idly at the agony of Warsaw. The city’s two uprisings, the first in the Jewish ghetto in 1943, the second in the entire city in 1944, were evidence of the ruthlessness of German crimes. But while the people of Warsaw waited hopefully for help, Joseph Stalin never ordered the Red Army to intervene.” This has also been the conclusion of professional historians for the last 75 years.

According to the Polish Institute of National Remembrance, the declassified documents published by Russia do not bring any significant new information on Soviet operations during 1944-1945. The institute also states that during this period, the Soviet Union, at the same time as fighting Germany, pursued a consistent policy aimed at preventing the reconstruction of the independent Republic of Poland. The Soviet documents falsely present the Polish Home Army self-defence actions against Soviet enslavement, massive repression and murders by the NKVD and other formations in the parts of Poland occupied by the USSR as "terrorist activities", hiding the entire Soviet policy against Poland's independence in 1944-1945.

See other examples of disinformation on this topic, such as the terrorist activities of the Polish Home Army, how its supposed cooperation with Nazi forces made them rich thanks to concentration camps, the alleged lawfulness of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact or the claims that Poland and the Baltics are distorting WWII history.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue183
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Spanish, Castilian
  • Country: Russia, Poland
  • Keywords: USSR, Red Army, Historical revisionism, WWII

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

see more

Emergence of coronavirus is not accidental and has economic goals

Due to the situation in the financial markets, the emergence of coronavirus in China is not accidental and has very specific economic goals.

Disproof

Fear over coronavirus has indeed affected China's stock markets, but assessing the virus as an artificial, man-made problem is a part of the recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on secret labs and biological weapons. Also consistent with the narrative that the spread of coronavirus is in the interest of the US to weaken China economically.

In response to the outbreak of the coronavirus, the Chinese authorities have placed more than a dozen cities under quarantine. The World Health Organisation is working with Chinese authorities and global experts to learn more about the virus. The virus "2019-nCoV” comes from a family of viruses that include the common cold, and viruses such as SARS and MERS. There is no evidence to suggest it was developed artificially as a weapon of mass destruction.

The USA is to blame for the coronavirus in China

The spread of the deadly coronavirus in China is a diversion by the United States. The White House used the virus as a biological weapon.

Disproof

This is another conspiracy theory that the US is organising chemical and biological attacks around the world. The statement has no evidence.

According to various sources, several dozen strains of the coronavirus have been recorded in the world, seven of which present varying degrees of danger to humans. First and foremost, these types of viruses bring on respiratory disease. Viruses are dangerous because they can be transmitted by humans and animals and because they mutate so quickly.

Russia is not a party of Minsk Agreements and the internal Ukrainian conflict

Russia has repeatedly declared that it is not a party of the Minsk Agreements and the internal Ukrainian conflict.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Ukraine and the Minsk agreements. The statement followed the resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on the progress of the Assembly's monitoring procedure which stated concerns over Russia on condition of human rights and rule of law, borderisation and creeping annexation of Georgian regions, implementation of Minsk agreements and cooperation over the downing of the MH17 flight.

Kremlin narratives on Minsk agreement claim that Russia is not part of the conflict in Donbas and that Russia has nothing to do with the war in eastern Ukraine. The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation".  At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014, NATO leaders condemned in the strongest terms Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine and demanded Russia to stop and withdraw its forces from Ukraine and from the country’s border. NATO leaders also demanded Russia comply with international law and its international obligations and responsibilities; refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine; halt the flow of weapons, equipment, people and money across the border to the separatists; and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border.