The Soviet Union was forced to sign the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Summary

The Soviet Union was forced to sign a pact with Hitler after several attempts to solve the problem with Western countries in a diplomatic way and after trying to make an agreement with Poland. At the same time, the West were helping Hitler by directing him toward the USSR.

The content of the agreement was very simple – the two sides agreed to not attack each other for the next 10 years. Secret protocol regulated the distribution of spheres of influence in Poland. The USSR was given only the territory that was previously occupied by Poland after the First World War. These are western Ukraine and western Belarus.

 

Disproof

A recurring disinformation narrative revising the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to portray Russia's role in World War II as non-aggressive.

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) was signed on August 23, 1939. Its secret protocols divided Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact directly caused the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in complete occupation of the country by Germany and the USSR. A secret protocol was appended to the public pact of nonaggression which divided the whole of eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Poland, east of the line formed by the Narew, Vistula, and San rivers would fall under the Soviet sphere of influence. The protocol also assigned Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Finland to the Soviet sphere of influence.

Also, the Soviet Union kept negotiating with Britain and France, but in the end, Stalin chose to reach an agreement with Germany. By doing so, he hoped to keep the USSR at peace with Germany and to gain time to build up the Soviet military establishment, which had been weakened by the purge of the Red Army officer corps in 1937.

See similar disinformation cases here and here.

Read more about the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: A 'honeymoon' for two dictators (Deutche Welle); The Night Stalin and Hitler Redrew the Map of Europe (RFERL).

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 163
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/09/2019
  • Language/target audience: , , Serbian
  • Country: Russia, Poland, USSR, The West
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, World War 2, Adolf Hitler
  • Outlet: Sputnik Srbija
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Only Russia will benefit from (non-existent) global warming, the West believes

Forecasts about global warming are not coming true, particularly in Europe. On the contrary, in Russia’s European part August temperatures decreased compared to a few years ago. Only liars can claim that the average temperature on Earth has increased by 1 degree over the last one hundred years. The fact that it was already snowing twice in Russia’s Yakutia region this year is one of many pieces of evidence that contradict the global warming claim.

Around 80 global warming scenarios were elaborated by various institutions under the UN aegis, but all of them turned out to be nonsense. To cover it, alarmists  began using the wording ‘climate change’ instead of ‘global warming.’

The anthropogenic factor of climate change is not true. The Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines in the course of a few days erupted as many carbon dioxides as the whole humanity over the whole period of its existence. Similarly, the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland nullified all humanity’s efforts to combat greenhouse gas emissions over the last five years.

Traditionally, though, the West believes that as a result of global warming, only Russia will benefit. A research paper published by Environmental Research Letters concludes that by 2080 the Siberian climate will become much more beneficial for humans than it is today.

Disproof

This is a mix of conspiracies and fakes concerning climate change, wrapped into the "anti-Russia" narrative claiming that the West believes that only Russia will benefit it. Oddly enough, at the same time, the publication suggests that climate change is actually a lie.

There is a strong consensus among publishing climate scientists (around 97%) that humans are responsible for climate change. The greater the climate expertise among surveyed scientists, the higher the consensus on human-caused global warming. One of the misunderstandings about the global warming presented in the publication is that it mixes up climate, which refers to how the atmosphere acts over a long period of time, with the weather, which describes what’s happening on a much shorter time scale. Look for debunks of 'unreliable climate change models' and other climate change myths here.

Volodymyr Tsemakh was released because he ceased to be of interest to international investigators and Ukraine

Tsemakh was released due to the fact that he ceased to be of interest to the JIT and Ukraine.

 

Disproof

New narrative in the recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the downing of Flight MH17. 

In fact, the Netherlands Prosecutor's Office, as well as the Joint Investigative Group, stated that they would like to talk with Volodymyr Tsemakh as part of the investigation of the MH17 case. Also, there are no statements from the Ukrainian prosecutor's office that Volodymyr Tsemakh has ceased to be of interest to the investigation.

JIT conclusions on the downing of MH17 are not objective

It is necessary to create a neutral committee to investigate this tragedy [the downing of the MH17] since the conclusions of the JIT consisting of the representatives of Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, the Netherlands, and Ukraine cannot be fair …the reasons for the tragedy have not yet been fully established.

 

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the downing of the MH17.

The criminal investigation in the case was led by the Joint Investigation Team - JIT - since 2014. On 28 September 2016, the JIT announced that flight MH17 was shot down by a missile from the 9M38 series, which was launched by a BUK TELAR missile system. The system was transported from the Russian Federation to an agricultural field near the town of Pervomaiskyi in Eastern Ukraine, from where the missile was launched. After firing, the system - with 1 missing missile - went back to the Russian Federation. On the 24th of May 2018, the JIT announced its conclusion the BUK TELAR used to shoot down MH17 came from the 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, a unit of the Russian armed forces from Kursk in the Russian Federation.