Disinfo: Studies shows that China is more democratic than the US (and Russia almost as democratic as the US)

Summary

Studies have shown that China is more democratic than the United States, Russia is nearby, and Ukraine is “at the bottom”.

Disproof

Recurrent disinformation on about the western countries being dictatorships and while Russia and China are democracies. It is a malign misinterpretation of the methodology of a survey

The study that conducted in different countries of the world by Alliance for Democracy and Dalia Research to assess the opinion about democracy shows that the more democratic the country is the more people are exigent for even more democracy. The less democratic the country is, the less people will be willing to express dissatisfaction or ask for more democracy. Therefore, it cannot be inferred that China is much more democratic than the US and Russia much more than Ukraine.

As Dr. Nico Jaspers, CEO, Dalia Research, says:

“Democracy’s crisis is not about people losing faith in democracy – it’s about people demanding more.”

Democracy is about different mechanisms that allow the will of the people to be expressed and the rule of law to prevail and guaranty the right of everyone. It is possible to classify countries in the world for their level of democracy. Freedom House, for instance, classifies the United States of America as a free country (86/100) whereas Russia (20/100) and China (10/100) are not free.

China’s authoritarian regime has become increasingly repressive in recent years. The ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is tightening its control over the state bureaucracy, the media, online speech, religious groups, universities, businesses, and civil society associations, and it has undermined its own already modest rule-of-law reforms. The CCP leader and state president, Xi Jinping, has consolidated personal power to a degree not seen in China for decades, but his actions have also triggered rising discontent among elites within and outside the party. The country’s budding human rights movements continue to seek avenues for protecting basic rights despite a multiyear crackdown.

Opinion polls are interesting to follow the evolution of one country over time, however, to be conclusive about world ranking it is necessary to evaluate objective criteria alike Freedom House does and not limit the study about the opinion of a random person. Indeed the less free the country is, the less likely the person will complain.

To read similar stories: Russian government, unlike France or the EU, has a legitimacy that comes from the masses, Estonia is a totalitarian country, There is a deterioration of democracy in the West, The US is a dictatorship.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 205
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 27/06/2020
  • Language/target audience: French, Russian
  • Country: China, Russia, Ukraine, US
  • Keywords: Democracy
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Crimea was attached to Russia in 2014 by a referendum

The attachment by referendum of Crimea to Russia in 2014 is described by Russian senators as the fruit of the voluntary reunification of the region with Russia.

Disproof

Recurrent disinformation about the illegal annexation of Crimea.

A referundum is is a direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal. It has to comply with strict rules during the campaign, during the vote and after the vote to establish the results. The vote was quickly organised in March 2014 under illegal Russian occupation without complying with either the Ukrainian nor  Russia electoral codes, therefore cannot be called a referundum.

The Munich Agreement triggered World War II

The partition of Czechoslovakia was brutal and cynical. Munich destroyed even the formal, fragile guarantees that remained on the continent. It showed that mutual agreements were worthless. It was the Munich Agreement that served as a “trigger” and made the great war in Europe inevitable.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism which attempts to portray Russia's role in World War II as non-aggressive, to blame the West for the outbreak of World War II, to relativise and erode the disastrous historical role of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact (the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union) by stating that other countries signed various international agreements with Adolf Hitler throughout the 1930s, and to argue that it was the Munich Agreement that triggered WWII.

According to the best historical research, it was clearly the Molotov-Ribentropp Pact (Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: A 'honeymoon' for two dictators), signed on August 23, 1939,  that triggered  World War II.  Its secret supplementary protocols  divided Eastern and Central Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. The signing of this Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of World War II.

MH17 trial is biased against Russia, prosecutor has no evidence

Almost six years after the Boeing MH17 disaster, the trial is still ongoing. But ordinary people cannot be deceived, and more and more people believe in the guilt of Ukraine and the bias of the European court. The Netherlands had the intention of immediately blaming Russia for everything. The Dutch scheme is such that it does not need evidence. Missing satellite photos of the United States, NATO aerial tracking equipment that did not record a missile strike, fabricated evidence from the Security Service of Ukraine. All these nuances do not worry the Netherlands. Checking is “not a royal matter”, especially when there is a reason to blame Russia. The Dutch resorted to a scheme of unsubstantiated accusations was also confirmed by the prosecutor’s speech. The prosecutor openly tries to convince the court that the defendants wanted to shoot at the plane. But he does not give any evidence for his own words. The Netherlands cannot withstand Western pressure, so the process is conducted in this way. People are convinced that the West is literally depraved to the ground, and that Dutch indulgence to the West will bring problems for the Netherlands.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on the downing of flight MH17 over Ukraine, aiming to discredit the criminal trial and the Joint Investigation Team (JIT).

There is no proof that any of the evidence has been manipulated or falsified by the JIT  or Security Services of Ukraine. In order to find out the cause of the crash, the Joint Investigation Team investigated all human remains, personal belongings and wreckage of the aircraft found in the vicinity of the disaster site. The traces were secured and investigated and compared by experts. In addition, the JIT sought and heard witnesses and experts, analysed radar and satellite images, assessed large amounts of telecom data such as intercepted telephone conversations and analysed big data. Read more about the investigation here.

The results of the investigation of the Joint Investigation Team are clear: flight MH17 was shot down by a missile from the 9M38 series, which was launched by the BUK TELAR system. The system was transported from the Russian Federation to an agricultural field near the city of Pervomaiskiy in Eastern Ukraine, from where the rocket was launched. After firing, the system, with one missing missile, returned to the Russian Federation. On May 24 2018, JIT announced in its conclusion that the Buk belongs to the 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, a unit of the Russian armed forces in Kursk, Russian Federation. The public hearing on the incident started on 9 March 2020 in the Netherlands.