The problems between Russia and Ukraine arose after the coup in the Ukrainian capital Kyiv in 2014. This led to the Crimean region to leave the administrative dependence of the Republic of Ukraine and return to the arms of the Russian homeland. The coup in Kyiv also led to the start of the armed conflict in southeast Ukraine between the new Ukrainian regime and the opponents of the coup in the Donbas region.
People living in those two provinces, in Donetsk and Luhansk, should be able to speak their mother tongue, Russian, knowing that is was the reason for this explosion. The populations and the persons in charge of Donetsk and Lugansk are ready to accept a solution, a form of autonomy which allows them simply to speak their language, to have their culture and not to have a centralising State which tries to impose by all possible force a Ukrainian nationality which in fact, in this particular region, does not really exist.
This recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative is aimed at weakening the national identity of Ukrainians and undermining Ukraine's sovereignty. Ukraine is a well-defined nation-state with a long history, which preserved language, literature and identity, despite foreign rule for long periods. The international community, including the European Union recognizes and condemns clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014. The law on regional languages was repealed by the parliament of Ukraine on February 23, 2014. However the decree was not signed. The law officially expired only on February 28, 2018, when the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared the law unconstitutional. At Euromaidan, which propaganda outlets describe as a coup not accepted by Donbas, three Donbas residents were among the killed activists. Human rights missions that travelled to Ukraine in 2014 did not find evidence that the Russian minority would have been in danger: 1. The Advisory Committee’s Ad hoc Report on the situation of national minorities in Ukraine, adopted on 1 April 2014, Council of Europe; 2. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 15 June 2014; 3. Statement by the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities on her Recent Visit to Ukraine, 4 April 2014 By 2016, 1 870 000 people moved as refugees from Donetsk and Luhansk occupied regions, as well as from Crimea to the rest of Ukraine and about 800 000 to 1 million moved to Russia. Read other disinformation cases on Donbas. Background: During the general census of the population in 2001, 74% of the population in the Donbas region and 68,8% in Luhansk region named Russian as their first (but not unique) language. Russian was in use especially in the cities, while villages remain Ukrainian speaking. Regardless of the language they speak, 56% of Donbas residents called themselves ethnic Ukrainians.