Disinfo: The Autonomous Republic of Crimea legally separated from Ukraine

Summary

The Autonomous Republic of Crimea had the right to hold local referendums and its separation from Ukraine was legal.

Disproof

Recurring disinformation. The Ukrainian Constitution reads "The issues of change of territory of Ukraine can only be decided by an all-Ukrainian referendum" (Article 73); "The Autonomous Republic of Crimea is an indivisible part of Ukraine and decides on its policies within the limits determined by the Constitution of Ukraine." (Article 134). bit.ly/2eNoUP4,
Any decision relating to Ukraine's sovereignty or sovereign choices can only be taken without undue external pressure. This so-called referendum was organised in a matter of weeks by a self-proclaimed Crimean leadership lacking democratic legitimacy and installed by armed Russian military personnel following the seizure of public buildings. The EU does not recognise it eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage_en/22959/The%20EU%20non-recognition%20policy%20for%20Crimea%20and%20Sevastopol:%20Fact%20Sheet, , nor does the United Nations General Assembly www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47443#.Wh7LwGfnCEA, .

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 89
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 23/11/2017
  • Language/target audience: Czech
  • Country: Czech Republic, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Referendum, Crimea
  • Outlet: http://www.prvnizpravy.cz
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NATO is putting unprecedented pressure on Belgrade to encourage Serbia to join NATO

NATO is putting unprecedented pressure on Belgrade to encourage Serbia to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization even though Serbia declared its neutrality in 2007.

Disproof

According to NATO, Serbia does not aspire to join the Alliance. However, the country is deepening its political dialogue and cooperation with NATO on issues of common interest. www.nato.int/cps/ua/natohq/topics_50100.htm, . Serbia joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace programme in 2006 and practical cooperation has been increasing steadily since then. NATO has supported Serbia in the reform of its national security forces and institutions. Serbian officers have received NATO training, preparing them to participate in peacekeeping operations. NATO has also helped Serbia dispose of over 2,000 tons of dangerous surplus munitions. Cooperation between NATO and Serbia also extends from scientific research through disaster response preparedness to participation in military exercises.​www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_147811.htm, . NATO is an Alliance that consists of 29 independent member countries, every country decides for themselves if they want to joint that allience or not www.nato.int/nato-welcome/index.html, .

The Czech government wants to create a Euro-army instead of being part of NATO

The Czech government has signed the PESCO agreement, which (although it does not say openly) means creating an Euro-Army. The aim is to push NATO out, because in the Alliance everything must be decided by absolute consensus, but in the EU, Brussels decides. Once the Czech army will be subjected to the EU, there will be no national control but all orders will come from Brussels.

Disproof

The main aim of a Permanent Structured Cooperation on security and defence (PESCO) is to increase Member States' effectiveness in addressing security challenges and advancing towards further integrating and strengthening defence cooperation within the EU framework. Member States' participation in PESCO is based on a voluntary principle. The EU Council will be responsible for the overall policy, and the decisions will be taken by the member states unanimously. eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/34226/permanent-structured-cooperation-pesco-factsheet_en,

The Czech Security Information Service is trying to prohibit collecting public information e.g about migrants

The Security and Information Service of the Czech Republic wants to insert a paragraph in the forthcoming amendment to the Criminal Law, which prohibits the collection and scrutiny of public and non-binding information in the Czech Republic. The consequence of this law would be the elimination of alternative journalism in the Czech Republic in its entirety, because any critical article will be marked as criminal under this amendment to the law.

Disproof

The original article (to which the disinformation-oriented outlet refers) explicitly talks about punishing "intelligence activity for a foreign power". It does not say anything about "alternative journalism". http://www.ceska-justice.cz/2017/11/bis-zada-aby-proverovani-sbirani-informaci-cizi-moc-bylo-trestne/