The Baltic countries live mainly at the expense of the EU budget

Summary

The Baltic economy is subsidized. The countries live mainly at the expense of the EU budget.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation undermining the statehood and questioning the economic efficiency of the Baltic countries.

Lithuania and Latvia were among Europe's 10 fastest growing economies in 2016, according to the World Economic Forum.

The Baltic countries have been a showcase of successful transformation after regaining independence following 50 years of Soviet occupation. This includes free market economies, well-functioning democratic institutions and legal systems. See further information here and here. In 1995, in Latvia, GDP per capita was 2.327 USD compared to 13.664 USD in 2015. In 1995, EE GDP per capita was 3.036 USD compared to 17.295 USD in 2015 as can be seen here.

More about the Baltic countries' economy can be read here.

The total EU contribution in Lithuania was €1.575 billion, which is 3.90 % of Lithuanian gross national income (GNI), in Estonia - €0.648 2.87% of Estonian GNI and in Latvia €0.737 billion, 2.76 % of Latvian gross national income. At the same time the Baltic countries, as all member states, contribute to the EU budget. The Lithuanian contribution to the EU budget was €0.274 billion, 0.68 % of its GNI: The Estonian contribution was €0.154 billion or 0.68 % of its GNI. For Latvia it was €0.184 billion, 0.69 % of GNI.

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. More information about pre-allocations assigned to Member States in certain policy areas can be consulted here.

 

 

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 156
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 24/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Armenian, Russian
  • Country: Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, EU
  • Keywords: economy, Baltic states
  • Outlet: Sputnik Armenia
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‘Old’ EU member states introduced sanctions on Russia after the provocation of the downing of MH17 by Ukraine

‘Old’ EU member states have quite developed economic ties with Russia. They followed the ‘new’ EU member states and supported the introduction of sanctions on Russia only after the famous provocation of 17 July 2014 when Flight MH17 was shot down by Ukrainian anti-aircraft gunners. At present, the ‘old’ EU member states delay the investigation into the downing of MH17 because it has become clear that Russian responsibility cannot be established.

Disproof

This is a disinformation claim about the downing of Flight MH17, for which Russia is responsible, and misrepresents the history and causes of the EU’s sanctions on Russia.

The first round of EU sanctions against Russia was introduced on 17 March 2014, before MH17 was shot down. The first bans and asset freezes against persons involved in actions against Ukraine's territorial integrity followed Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea. Later, in view of Russia's actions destabilising the situation in eastern Ukraine, the EU imposed economic sanctions in July 2014 and reinforced them in September 2014. In March 2015, the European Council linked the duration of those economic restrictions to the complete implementation of the Minsk agreements.

Crimea reconnected with Russia in referendum to avoid NATO troops there

On 18 March 2014, the referendum in Crimea sealed the peninsula’s connection to Russia, after the latter sent its troops. In fact, Moscow could not conceive that this peninsula, strategic and historically Russian, was going to become Western, or that NATO would set up troops there.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the annexation of Crimea, claiming that Crimean citizens chose to rejoin Russia through a legal democratic referendum.

No international body recognizes the so-called referendum, announced on 27 February 2014, and held on 16 March 2014. For the EU statement on the fifth anniversary of Crimea's annexation, see here.

MH17 investigation brought no results, Malaysia was sidelined

Different parties have accused each other of downing flight MH17 and still today, 5 years later, there are no satisfactory investigation results. Even Malaysia was dismissed from the undeniably political investigation, which seems to be concentrated on trying to pin it on Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the downing of the MH17.

The Malaysia's Prosecutor's office cooperated in the investigation conducted by the Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team (JIT). Speaking at the press-conference of the JIT on June 19, 2019 the deputy Prosecutor general of Malaysia Mohamad Hanafiah bin Zakaria reiterated Malaysia's commitment to the JIT in seeking justice for the victims, and stated that the JIT findings were based on extensive investigation and legal research. [See at 57:30 - 58:14]