Disinfo: The Baltic countries live mainly at the expense of the EU budget


The Baltic economy is subsidized. The countries live mainly at the expense of the EU budget.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation undermining the statehood and questioning the economic efficiency of the Baltic countries. Lithuania and Latvia were among Europe's 10 fastest growing economies in 2016, according to the World Economic Forum. The Baltic countries have been a showcase of successful transformation after regaining independence following 50 years of Soviet occupation. This includes free market economies, well-functioning democratic institutions and legal systems. See further information here and here. In 1995, in Latvia, GDP per capita was 2.327 USD compared to 13.664 USD in 2015. In 1995, EE GDP per capita was 3.036 USD compared to 17.295 USD in 2015 as can be seen here. More about the Baltic countries' economy can be read here. The total EU contribution in Lithuania was €1.575 billion, which is 3.90 % of Lithuanian gross national income (GNI), in Estonia - €0.648 2.87% of Estonian GNI and in Latvia €0.737 billion, 2.76 % of Latvian gross national income. At the same time the Baltic countries, as all member states, contribute to the EU budget. The Lithuanian contribution to the EU budget was €0.274 billion, 0.68 % of its GNI: The Estonian contribution was €0.154 billion or 0.68 % of its GNI. For Latvia it was €0.184 billion, 0.69 % of GNI. Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. More information about pre-allocations assigned to Member States in certain policy areas can be consulted here.


  • Reported in: Issue 156
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 24/06/2019
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia
  • Keywords: economy, European Union, Baltic states
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Disinfo: Foreign actors are targeting traditional religion to forward a consumerist neo-liberal world order

The political unrest in Georgia started during an assembly of MPs from Orthodox Christian countries. Foreign actors are supporting various non-canonical entities and sectarian-style beliefs in the framework of the wider campaign against traditional religions that oppose the establishment of consumerist neo-liberal world order.


Conspiracy theory, presented without evidence. Freedom of religion is a fundamental element of international law. Freedom of religion or belief is enshrined in Articles 18 of both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (link is external) and of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Under international law, Freedom of religion or belief has two components:

  • The freedom to have or not to have or adopt (which includes the right to change) a religion or belief of one’s choice, and

  • The freedom to manifest one's religion or belief, individually or in community with others, in public or private, through worship, observance, practice and teaching.

With the adoption of the EU Guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief in 2013, the EU has committed to advance this fundamental freedom in its external action, including through its financial instruments. In doing so, the EU is guided by the principles of non-discrimination and interrelatedness of human rights.

Disinfo: The Mueller report has never presented tangible evidence of Russian interference in the 2016 US elections

The Mueller report has never presented tangible evidence of Russian interference in the 2016 US elections.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the US elections. Russian meddling in the 2016 election was established by US intelligence agencies before the publication of the Mueller report. Despite the fact that the investigation did not establish that members of the Trump Campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities, Robert Mueller’s report clearly states that Russian interference activities DID take place. For a similar case see here: Other cases about Russia's interference can be consulted here.

Disinfo: US behind South America power failure

US cyber attacks are the reason behind wide-scale power cuts in three South American countries as training for hitting Russia’s energy infrastructure.


This claim is supported by no evidence. Whereas a massive power outage has indeed taken place in several Latin American countries, the reason behind it is yet to be established. The Argentinian president Mauricio Macri promised in a tweet published on June 16 that the case will be thoroughly investigated. The Guardian reported that Argentina’s energy secretariat blamed the blackout on a failure in the transmission of electricity from the Yacyretá hydroelectric dam on the Paraná River. He also added that the reason for the breakdown was not immediately clear. The Argentinian energy secretary, Gustavo Lopetegui, said that it could take up to two weeks to understand exactly why this had happened and who might be to blame. This is reminiscent of other unsubstantiated claims that the Venezuela blackouts that took place last March were the making of the United States and the West. For the Venezuela blackouts claims, see here.