Disinfo: The Budapest Memorandum is only a political statement – no security guarantees for Ukraine


President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is regularly talking about security guarantees provided to Ukraine by the Budapest Memorandum, but it is only a political statement that offers no security guarantees to Ukraine. It also confers no obligations on its signatories.


Recurring pro-Russian narrative claiming that Russia did not violate the Budapest Memorandum.

The mentioned Budapest Memorandum is a diplomatic document that was signed in December 1994 by Ukraine, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Under the memorandum, Ukraine promised to remove all Soviet-era nuclear weapons, which Ukraine received after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The arsenal Ukraine was left with was the third-largest nuclear arsenal in the world, including intercontinental ballistic missiles and strategic bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons. On 24 October 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a statement on the country's nuclear-free status. Three years later, Ukraine actually joined the nuclear non-proliferation treaties. In exchange, the leaders of the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom signed the Budapest memorandum with guarantees of the integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.

The Budapest memorandum says that not one of the countries that signed the document has the right to apply any kind of aggressive policy towards Ukraine. The second paragraph states that the signatories "reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine." That is, through the Budapest memorandum Russia pledged not to use any weapon against Ukraine, not just nuclear.

The European External Action Service has also noted that Russia violated several agreements by its actions against Ukraine, including the Budapest Memorandum.


  • Reported in: Issue 219
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/11/2020
  • Language/target audience: Hungarian
  • Country: UK, Russia, Ukraine, US, Germany
  • Keywords: Volodymyr Zelensky, Nuclear issues, Budapest memorandum


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Five facts prove that the US election is rigged

First fact

It was Joe Biden’s (uncertain) victory in Pennsylvania that made him the elected president of the United States.

600,000 Pennsylvania ballots remain in question, with Republican Party observers illegally removing ballots. Rudy Giuliani brought a group of observers who expressed their willingness to announce under oath that they have not been admitted to the counting stations. This is a flagrant violation of the law.

Second fact

There is evidence that Dominion Voting Systems is under the control of people associated with Hillary Clinton and Nancy Pelosi.

Third fact

The US Supreme Court ruled in for Donald Trump’s favour and ordered that papers received before 8:00 a.m. on November 3, 2020, in Pennsylvania be separated (the time when official voting ends) and after that time. Trump’s team was confident that the ballot papers received after eight hours would be invalid.

Fourth fact

The Donald Trump Center in Georgia has identified 132,000 ballot papers, which, according to the President’s attorney, were obtained or issued illegally. The Trump Center was seeking to nullify these.

Fifth fact

Trump Center representatives in Nevada said that the authenticity of about 200,000 ballot papers had not been validated.


Disinformation about the US in the context of US presidential election.

The alleged claim that the “Dominion Voting Systems” company is involved in some sort of voter fraud because they had worked with persons connected to high-ranking Democrats, such as House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, or Hillary Clinton is false according to the “Election Integrity Partnership” a coalition of research entities focused on preventing attempts to de-legitimise the election results. This is mainly because the company worked with a variety of lobbyists who were connected to both Democrats and Republicans.

1,5 million deceased voted in the US election

1,5 million deceased “voted” in the US election. This is a recognized fact. And the deceased are of course supporting Biden. The democrats are not seeing the carousel of falsifications in the US election.


Disinformation about the US Presidential Election 2020.

Similar claims have been circulating on social media in the US and have been extensively debunked both by fact-checkers and media organizations. (See also here and here).

Kyiv might launch a military “adventure” in Donbas, exploiting the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh

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A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Ukraine trying to exploit the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict to make gains in the Donbas.

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