The concept of “energy security” has turned into an anti-Russian project

Summary

Poland and the United States have put considerable effort into promoting the idea that the Nord Stream 2 challenges EU security. For this purpose, the concept of “energy security” was established. Initially, this concept implied diversification of energy sources, but gradually, it has turned into a clear anti-Russian project. There has been a return to a “Cold War” approach, which assumed that it is not necessary to buy anything from Russia at all. This approach does not imply a diversification of energy sources (purchase of oil and gas from Russia and other suppliers), but on the contrary – to break contacts with Russia and search for other suppliers of energy sources.

Disproof

This case is part of the Kremlin's disinformation campaign about European energy policy and the US fight with the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.

The European Energy Security Strategy is not aimed against Russia or any other supplier of energy sources. Thus, it does not include the complete rupture of energy cooperation with the Russian Federation. The EU Energy Security Strategy was released in May 2014 – it aims to ensure a stable and abundant supply of energy for European citizens and the economy. Regarding its long-term measures, it proposes actions based on eight key pillars, like protecting strategic infrastructure, moderating energy demand, building a well-functioning and fully integrated internal market, increasing energy production in the European Union, diversifying external supplies and related infrastructure and further developing energy technologies.

In other words, the EU Energy Security Strategy is a comprehensive document, which suggests numerous changes to the EU's energy policy, including the diversification of energy sources.

In the case of Poland, in 2015, it completed the construction of the LNG Terminal in Świnoujście, which enabled the import of the LNG from the United States and Qatar. The functioning of this LNG terminal has resulted in a visible reduction of the share of the Russian gas in total Polish consumption - 67% in 2018  and 58% - throughout the first three quarters of 2019. Currently, the regasification capacity of the LNG Terminal in Świnoujście is being expanded from 5 to 7.5 billion cubic meters per year. In addition, Poland is involved in the launch of the Baltic Pipe Project, which will enable access to Norway’s gas fields. In this way, the Russian Gazprom loses its monopoly in Poland, as it will have to compete with alternative gas suppliers.

See more cases concerning European energy issues including Europe catastrophically lacks gas; the US wants to completely capture the European gas market and the US would like to resell Russian gas to Europe.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 174
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 12/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Poland, United States, EU
  • Keywords: gas, Nord Stream 2, Energy, Anti-Russian, EU regulations
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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There was a Ukrainian provocation in the Kerch strait

Russian border guards seized the Ukrainian military ships during a provocation in the Kerch Strait on November 25, 2018.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the Kerch incident.

On the 25th of November 2018, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tug boat and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen and arresting 24 members.

The US uses Poland as a potential fuse and stimulator of a conflict with Russia

The US needed Poland only in case of a direct confrontation with the Russian Federation, as a potential catalyst or stimulator of the conflict. It is clear that Poland is not aware of its role, and of the fact that it will be written off.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on “lost sovereignty”.

Poland is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States. This narrative includes a message that the United States manipulates Poland and other European allies in order to carry out its anti-Russian policies.

The US overthrew Bolivian president by a military junta when Maidan techniques did not help

Bolivian events indicate that Western elites have become hysterical because they increasingly lose control in various regions of the world which they considered their backyard for a long time. In the countries where the heads of state cannot be removed from office thanks to pressure and Maidans, they apply military junta scenarios which were characteristic for the mid-XX century. In case these scenarios stop working too, the US will turn to “gunboat diplomacy” with marine unites’ operations on the territories of the countries which do not want to share their fortunes with the US.

During his presidency, Morales developed closer relations with China and Russia at the expense of relationship with the US. Morales did not step down after organised criminal groups took to the streets and started attacking electoral authorities. When it became apparent that a colour revolution was not succeeding, Bolivian police and army stepped in against Morales. Hence, as a classic colour revolution technique failed due to the absence of popular support, the coup organisers resorted to the military coup scenario which was very popular among US security bodies in the 20th century.

Disproof

This is a conspiracy theory to support the claim of US-inspired anti-Morales coup, which is consistent with pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative attempting to deny the existence of genuine grass-roots protests, portraying them as foreign-led efforts and fake colour revolutions.

This is also a part of a recurrent disinformation narrative about US-led regime change operations against left-wing governments in Latin America. You can see other examples of this, such as the alleged presence of a US marine in the Venezuelan barricades and the promotion of a Ukraine-style 'colour revolution'preparations for a military intervention after forcing Brazil to join NATO, deliberate blackouts in South America caused by the US, or the existence of plans for the secession of oil-rich regions in both Venezuela and Mexico.