Disinfo: The coup prompted Crimea to restore its Russia identity

Summary

The Ukrainian capital of Kyiv lost control of Crimea and Donbas after the coup in 2014, which prompted the people of Crimea to demand the restoration of Russian identity and return in the arms of Russia while the people of the Donbas region pushed to declare independence from Kyiv by establishing two popular republics in the region.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Euromaidan, the illegal annexation of Crimea, and the war in Ukraine.

There was no coup d'état in Ukraine. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was an organic reaction by numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013.

As for Crimea, it did not "return" to Russia but was illegally annexed by Moscow. Russia violated international law as well as key principles of the European security framework by illegally annexing the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol. On 27 March 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in which it stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. On 17 December 2018, the UN General Assembly confirmed its non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea.

In response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and deliberate destabilisation of Ukraine, the EU has progressively imposed restrictive measures against Russia.

A year after the illegal annexation, Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted that the plan to annex Crimea was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 176
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Crimea

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Pro-Western Belarusian opposition prepares a revolution with assistance of armed Ukrainian nationalists

The Belarusian opposition is planning a revolution, pro-Western forces stand behind the protests. The Belarusian authorities have to act decisively, and they should have done this immediately after protests against the Union State between Belarus and Russia started. In contrast to the opposition’s will, the integration process with Russia should be accelerated. Belarus should also adopt Russian experience on combatting nationalists. If all these measures are taken, then the Belarusian presidential elections will be smooth, without involving armed Ukrainian nationalists. Belarus should also not allow the opposition to organise mass demonstrations, otherwise it will attract the attention of the international community and provoke a conflict. Finally, the Belarusian authorities should not play with those Europeans who support the Belarusian opposition. The blogger NEXTA, Andrei Sannikau and other opposition activists should be extradited to Belarus and recognised as enemies of the people.

Disproof

This is a conspiracy and contains ungrounded claims about the plans to stage an armed revolution, aimed to discredit the democratic Belarusian opposition, the West, and any actors which oppose deeper integration within the Union State between Belarus and Russia. This disinformation message is a modification of a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Western attempts to organise a colour revolution in Belarus and to disrupt Belarusian-Russian relations.

See earlier disinformation cases alleging that Belarusian opposition leader Andrei Sannikau prepares a coup with US military assistance, that the West has again ordered Belarusian opposition to take over power by force, that the Belarusian opposition, civic activists and independent journalists make kill lists for Western security bodies, and that the West's only interest in Belarus is to make it anti-Russian.

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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative spreading the idea that pro-European political forces from Eastern countries defend corruption, oligarchs and their interests.

Vlad Filat is the former prime minister of Moldova who was in office from 2009 to 2013, with Maia Sandu being for a short period part of his Government, as a Minister of Education (from 2012 to 2015). On June 2016, he was sentenced to 9 years in prison, being found guilty of passive corruption and influence trafficking. He claimed that this it is a politically motivated criminal case.

Climate activists want to destroy progress in the name of green faith

Climate activists don’t appreciate the progress their parents and grandparents have made with sweat on their faces. They don’t realise that they are so well off right now, not because of their own diligence, but because of this legacy, which they want to destroy in the name of green faith. Ecologism, not ecology!

It is precisely thanks to previous generations that university occupiers and fans of the terrifying Greta can travel easily, enjoy technological progress, and democracy as well.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation effort to delegitimise climate activism and propagate denialism about climate change.

Climate change is a scientific fact. Humans are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth's temperature by burning fossil fuels, cutting down rain-forests and farming livestock. This adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming. Preventing dangerous consequences of the climate change is the  key priority for the EU.