The EU was born in order to preserve the Atlanticist hegemony over Europe

Summary

The EU was born in order to preserve the Atlanticist hegemony over Western Europe and, after the fall of the Berlin wall, over some countries of the former Warsaw Pact.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory and recurring disinformation narrative portraying the EU under the control of a hegemonic US.

The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 28 EU countries that together cover much of the continent.

The disastrous effects of the Second World War and the constant threat of an East-West confrontation meant that the Franco-German reconciliation had become a top priority. The decision to pool the coal and steel industries of six European countries ( Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands), brought into force by the Treaty of Paris in 1951, marked the first step towards European integration. The Treaties of Rome of 1957 strengthened the foundations of this integration and the notion of a common future for the six European countries involved.

A further 22 countries have since joined the EU, including a historic expansion in 2004 marking the re-unification of Europe after decades of division. The process of joining the EU starts with an express request of the interested country made to the Council. No country can be forced to join the EU.

What began as a purely economic union has evolved into an organization spanning policy areas, from climate, environment and health to external relations and security, justice and migration. A name change from the European Economic Community (EEC) to the European Union (EU) in 1993 reflected this.

 

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 149
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 29/04/2019
  • Language/target audience: Italian
  • Country: EU, US
  • Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Cold War, US presence in Europe, Europe
  • Outlet: Sputnik Italia
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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Ukrainian language law and discrimination against Russian speakers.

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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at portraying Europe as immoral and incompatible with Christian values with the aim of influencing Georgia's pro-Western foreign policy and portraying the EU as a place with moral decay. 'Threatened values' is one of the most common narratives used by pro-Kremlin outlets.

See examples of similar disinformation cases here and here.

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Disproof

Recurrent narrative that Europe distances itself from Christian values what leads to tragedies such as the fire of Notre-Dame. A similar case that the fire was a sign of Europe's decline can be found here.

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