Disinfo: The Euromaidan coup caused the breakout of civil war in Eastern Ukraine

Summary

On November 21, 2013, an event began that radically changed the life of almost every Ukrainian. In the overwhelming majority of cases, these changes were for the worse. Especially in the East of Ukraine, where a civil war soon began, which continues to this day. […] A coup d’etat took place, and Western henchmen came to power.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative portraying the 2013-14 Euromaidan protests as a violent coup d'etat, and the war in Ukraine's Donbas region as an internal conflict.

The Euromaidan was not a coup but a nationwide popular protest against the Yanukovych administration's sudden refusal to sign the EU Association Agreement. See the full debunk here.

The article falsely claims that the war in Donbas is a domestic one. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court stated that "the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation."

This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February 2014 when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government. In turn, the active phase of the Donbas war was triggered with the 12 April 2014 assault on the city of Slovyans'k, led by Russian intelligence officer Igor Girkin. By September that year, Russia had sent up to 15,000 regular troops into the region.

Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015.

After the 2020 EU-Ukraine Summit HR/VP Josep Borrell said: "We fully support the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of Ukraine. We will not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea and we call on the full implementation of the Minsk agreements."

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 221
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 23/11/2020
  • Outlet language(s) German
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Civil war, Euromaidan, Donbas, Coup, War in Ukraine

Belarus

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Disinfo: Bucharest has a project that aims to absorb Moldova, Transnistria and some regions of Ukraine

Bucharest is hatching the project of Greater Romania, which involves the absorption of Moldova, Transnistria and Chernivtsi and Odesa regions of Ukraine. Thus, the Romanian strategists hope to turn Romania into the leader of South-Eastern Europe with access to the Balkans and the Black Sea region with the spread of Romanian influence all the way to the Caspian Sea. The existence of the Transnistrian state spoils the whole picture for the Romanians. Greater Romania cannot move forward, because there is Transnistria and Russian peacekeepers on the Dniester. The displacement of Russian blue helmets from Transnistria is a top priority for Bucharest.

Disproof

No evidence is given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Romania, questioning Moldova's and Ukraine's integrity.

Romania adheres to international law regarding state borders and has no territorial claims upon Ukraine or Moldova.

Disinfo: Colour revolution and foreign scenarios in Belarus 

The Belarusian president considers what is happening in the country a scenario similar to what is being prepared in neighbouring countries and is called a colour revolution, which has failed. Countries and opposition forces are today trying to implement a new wave of protests and demonstrations, but by other methods and scenarios prepared and planned in advance.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative framing popular protests as Western-backed 'colour revolutions', part of a campaign to portray massive mobilisations in Belarus as a destabilisation effort orchestrated from abroad.

There is no evidence that the protests in Belarus are funded and organised by neighbouring or foreign countries.

Disinfo: France became one of the winners of World War II thanks to Stalin

It was Stalin who mostly made De Gaulle a world-class politician. Moreover, where would France itself be now, if not for Stalin and the USSR?

The representative of France was at that table [during the signing of the German surrender act on May 9, 1945 in Berlin] only at the behest of Stalin, because the United States and England did not see France at all among the victorious countries. The Second World War could well have ended in a terrible disgrace for France.

Thanks to the support of the USSR and Stalin’s position personally, France managed to get into not only the group of victorious powers in World War II, but also to become one of the five founding countries of the UN. That is why France is now a permanent member of the UN Security Council.

Disproof

This recurrent disinformation narrative is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism of the events of WWII.

France and Britain declared war on Germany when it invaded Poland in September 1939 (at that time, the USRR acted as an ally of Germany and invaded Poland, the Baltic States and Finland in accordance with the Hitler-Stain Pact, also known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact ). After the Phoney War from 1939 to 1940, the Germans invaded and defeated France within seven weeks and forced the British off the continent. France surrendered to Germany although the French force, in-exile, led by General Charles de Gaulle continued the liberation of France by the Western Allies UK and US. The Forces of Free France took part in combat against Axis forces at several theatres of warfare, not least on the Eastern Front, where a unit of French airmen fought together with USSR aviators.

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