Disinfo: The idea of Ukraine is based on a mythologised lie


Kievan Rus has been turned into Ukraine, and then into “Anti-Russia”. Why Russians on one hand – and then those other Russians, who called themselves Ukrainians – became enemies?

To understand this you have to go through the history of almost 900 years of Little Russian separatism, which started from an innocent seed and reached poisonous fruits.

[The idea of] Ukraine as a sovereign country is based on a mythologised lie. In the end, this led into a civil war and Maidan.





No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukrainian statehood.

Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc. UNGA Resolution 68/262 also affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders: http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

For further background, read Britannica's article about the history of Kievan Rus and history of the word "Ukraine".

The concept of "civil war" in Ukraine is a classic narrative of Russian disinformation about the war in Ukraine.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf


  • Reported in: Issue 154
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Civil war, Euromaidan, Ukrainian statehood


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

see more

Western ruling elites impose the legalisation of same-sex marriages and hormone therapy of children

The western ruling elites impose on their societies such norms as the legalisation of same-sex marriages and hormone therapy of children in pre-puberty age without parental consent.



This message exploits the elites vs. the people narrative implying that in the Western countries legislation on same-sex marriages is introduced despite a wide opposition from the population. In reality, national legislatures elected in free and fair elections represent the views of the public. In those countries where same-sex marriages find little public support (e.g., Lithuania, Poland) respective legislation has not been adopted. See the opinion polls for same-sex marriage by country here. It also taps into the morally corrupt West narrative.

In most of EU Member States (20), access to transgender hormone therapy is provided for children under the same conditions applied to access any other medical treatment, such as access to reproductive or sexual health services. In this context, the age requirement for access to medical treatment without the consent of a public authority and/or parents is 18 years in Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, France, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, 16 years in Poland and Spain; 15 years in Denmark and Slovenia; 14 years in Latvia. In the United Kingdom the age requirement ranges from 16 in Scotland to 17 in England and 18 in Wales. In seven Member States, Belgium, Czechia, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Luxembourg and Sweden, access depends on the maturity of the child.

The Chernobyl series shows that the Soviets aren’t really people

In one of the scenes, a “wall of lies” was added, with the caring hand of the screenwriters. For what reason? To show viewers that Soviet people aren’t really people.


No evidence given. This is a disinformation narrative about the Chernobyl accident in 1986, as well as about the West's anti-Russian and anti-Soviet sentiments.

According to HBO, Chernobyl, a "five-part mini-series co-production from HBO and Sky, dramatises the story of the 1986 nuclear accident, one of the worst man-made catastrophes in history — and of the sacrifices made to save Europe from unimaginable disaster".

LGBT rights promoted by UK embassy and Western funds pose a threat to Belarus’ domestic security

The resignation of the Belarusian Minister for Internal Affairs Ihar Shunevich became a controversial news story. Whereas for people holding traditional views, Shunevich was a symbol of loyalty to the officer’s duty, he became an object of hate and was constantly attacked by the population with liberal views.

Concerning his anti-homophobic statements, it is worth noting that no legal norms are in place in Belarus which discriminate against individuals based on their sexual orientation.

The efforts by foreign donors and embassies to establish special organisations aimed at promoting same-sex preferences are taken in Belarus as interference in domestic affairs. Moreover, in Belarusian society, where 70% of citizens are Christian believers, promotion of LGBT rights can result in the development of opposing radical sentiments. This is why the activities of the UK embassy concerning the LGBT issue were interpreted by the Ministry of Interior as a challenge to domestic security.


This message is consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the morally corrupt West and its aggressive actions towards Belarus and Belarusian society.

After the Belarusian Interior Ministry slammed the UK embassy in Minsk for flying a rainbow flag on the International Day Against Homophobia in 2018, UK Ambassador Fiona Gibb posted a video stating "This embassy is once again flying the rainbow flag as we did in 2015, 2017 and 2018. We do so not to promote LGBT, but to promote equal rights for this community. LGBT people are not asking for special rights, but simply to enjoy the same respect, dignity and rights as others. As human rights are universal and should apply equally to all people, my government is committed to non-discrimination on any grounds, including sexual orientation and gender identity."