Disinfo: The isolated USSR had no alternative and had to sign the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Summary

The isolated USSR had no alternative and had to sign the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The isolated Soviet Union had to act (…). It therefore subsequently entered into negotiations with fascist Germany. Moscow had “no alternative” and signed the non-aggression treaty with Berlin. All Soviet security interests had been taken into account in the secret additional protocol on the division of Poland. (…) The Soviet leadership had not given up and made further proposals, including a stand-by pact and a military treaty with Britain and France. But this had been rejected one by one and the talks with Moscow had been prolonged. Since then, the events have repeatedly been used for accusations and allegations that the Soviet Union under Joseph V. Stalin had made common cause with fascist Germany under Adolf Hitler. (…) Historical events like these 80 years ago are also used in the current Western front position against Russia.

Disproof

A recurring disinformation narrative revising the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to portray Russia's role in World War II as non-aggressive. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union) was signed on 23 August 1939. Its secret protocols divided Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact directly caused the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in complete occupation of the country by Germany and the USSR. The Treaty enabled the USSR to invade and annex the Baltic States. The Soviets also annexed Romania's provinces of Bessarabia (today's Moldova) and northern Bukovina (now in Ukraine) and the Czechoslovakian territory of Carpathian Ruthenia (now also part of Ukraine). Throughout the territories it occupied, the Soviet Union carried out harsh political reprisals, including mass executions and deportations. Also, the Soviet Union kept negotiating with Britain and France, but in the end, Stalin chose to reach an agreement with Germany. By doing so, he hoped to keep the USSR at peace with Germany and to gain time to build up the Soviet military establishment, which had been weakened by the purge of the Red Army officer corps in 1937. The Pact is not being used against Russia by "the current Western front" but rather regarded - alongside the Western policy of appeasement - as one of the direct causes of the Second World War. Although widely criticised since, the 1938 Munich agreement confined the recognition of Nazi territorial claims to Sudetenland; Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact entitled Hitler to half of Europe. See more examples referring to Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact here, here and here. Read more about the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: A 'honeymoon' for two dictators (Deutche Welle); The Night Stalin and Hitler Redrew the Map of Europe (RFERL).

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 165
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/09/2019
  • Language/target audience: German
  • Country: USSR, Poland, Germany
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Historical revisionism, WWII, Joseph Stalin, Nazi/Fascist
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There was an unprecedented level of foreign interference in the election to the Moscow City Duma

No one pays attention to who works with whom. Deutsche Welle, BBC, Navalny, Venediktov and so on, all worked in unison. And this is perceived as normal. That is, there was an unprecedented level of foreign interference in Moscow City Duma elections.

Disproof

Unfounded conspiracy theory on foreign influence in Russian politics, and the US and/or other actors standing behind any expressions of popular discontent. Similar cases can be found here and here. Andrei Kolesnikov, a political analyst at the Carnegie thinktank Moscow Centre, told Euronews that "External interference is mythologem. This is typical of the current government and typical of [Russian President Vladimir] Putin, who believes that no one can take to the streets of their own free will: (for him) Maidan was organised by the US and so are these protests." At the same time, before the elections Russian police suppressed pro-democracy demonstrations across Moscow, detaining around 1,000 people. Meanwhile, a Levada Centre poll published on 6 August showed that a relative majority of Muscovites supported the protests (37% in favour, versus 27% against). A nationwide poll released by the Levada Center on 3 September showed that a majority of Russians (58%) don’t believe the government propaganda line about Moscow protests being fomented by the West.

Zelenskyy administration drastically increases military spending despite peace rhetorics

The Ukrainian Parliament presented its Draft National Budget for 2020. The almost two times increase of the country’s military budget was announced at a briefing by Minister of Finance Oksana Markarova. The increase in defense is clearly aimed at ramping up preparations for an aggressive war. This goes directly in contrast with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s claims that Ukraine currently wishes for normalization of the situation in Eastern Ukraine. If peace was the aim, why would so much investment be needed in defense, especially when the country clearly has no funds, judging by the rumors of yet another IMF loan? Furthermore, the announced “disarmament” of the Nazi-infested “volunteer battalions” left them with half their weapons in place, and it became apparent that they weren’t withdrawn from the frontline as it was suggested earlier.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, implying that Ukraine is the aggressor. The disinformation case also repeats a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on fascism in Ukraine. Examples of similar cases can be found here and here. In fact, the international community, including the European Union recognizes and condemns clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014.

The West hides important evidence on MH17 disaster

The West continues to hide information. The international investigation group just continues to ignore important details that point to a series of explosions on board MH17.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the downing of flight MH17. The version about an explosion on board the plane is one of many pro-Kremlin versions of the event. It was not confirmed by the international investigation team. In fact, in September 2016, the JIT concluded that Flight MH17 was shot down by a missile from the 9M38 series, which was launched by a BUK TELAR missile system. The system was transported from the Russian Federation to an agricultural field near the town of Pervomaiskyi in Eastern Ukraine, from where the missile was launched. After firing, the system - with one missing missile – was transported back to the Russian Federation. On the 24th of May 2018, the JIT announced that the BUK TELAR used to shoot down MH17 came from the 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, a unit of the Russian armed forces from Kursk in the Russian Federation. On the basis of the investigation conducted by the JIT, consisting of law enforcement agencies from Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, Ukraine and the Netherlands, the Dutch Public Persecution service is to prosecute Igor Vsevolodovich Girkin, Sergey Nikolayevich Dubinskiy, Oleg Yuldashevich Pulatov, and Leonid Volodymyrovych Kharchenko for causing the MH17 crash and murdering the 298 persons on board. A public hearing is set for the 9th of March 2020 in the Netherlands. See here for more information. The JIT conclusions were further corroborated by Bellingcat. For the full Bellingcat report see here. For a similar case click here. For a summary of disinformation narratives on this case see here.