Disinfo: The Munich conspiracy of European powers launched the WWII

Summary

The Munich Agreement (1938) is the culmination of the helplessness of European diplomacy in front of the Nazi threat. This Munich conspiracy of European powers launched the largest war in history. 

UK and France did not want to form an anti-Nazi alliance with the USSR, which forced Moscow to take maintain peace on its territory with its own forces.

Disproof

This is a pro-Kremlin conspiracy narrative about the WWII.

The Munich Agreement (September 30, 1938), indeed, permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia. The policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler was heavily criticized in Europe and proved to be a disastrous move. World War II began in Europe on 1 September 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on 3 September.

A week before Germany attacked Poland, Hitler and Stalin signed a non-aggression pact, also known as the "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact" (23 August 1939). The deal was accompanied by a secret supplementary protocol on the delimitation of areas of mutual interest in Eastern Europe. In particular, Hitler and Stalin agreed to divide Poland. The agreement also indicated that the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania, as well as Bessarabia and Finland, also belonged to the respective areas of interest of Germany and the USSR.

Soviet Union attacked Poland on September 17, forcing the Polish army to fight on two fronts. Poland was divided according to the agreements of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. USSR later attacked Finland and annexed the Baltic states, all along the agreements with Nazi Germany.

USSR and Germany engaged in an intensive trade program, where Soviet Union provided Germany with grain and strategic raw material. More on the trade between Moscow and Berlin 1939 – 1941 here.

The war between the U.S.S.R. and Germany began on 22 June 1941, with the German invasion of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union joined forces with the Allied Powers immediately after the German attack.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 160
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 11/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: UK, USSR, Russia, Germany, Poland, France
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, USSR, WWII
  • Outlet: Baltnews
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Young people in the Baltic States must leave because the socio-economic situation is so bad

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Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on economic collapse of the Baltic States. See other examples here.

Although Lithuania did encounter large emigration flows, the trend is slowly reversing with increasing number of Lithuanians coming back.  A similar trend is observed in Latvia. However, the trend is absolutely the opposite in Estonia, where already for the third year in a row in 2018, immigration exceeds emigration.

USSR was forced to sign the Treaty of Non-aggression with Germany

The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Germany because it was forced to do so to ensure its security after the refusal of England and France to create an anti-German coalition together with the USSR.

As recognised by authoritative, including Western historians, until mid-August 1939, right up to the failure of tripartite negotiations, Joseph Stalin aimed to create an anti-Hitler coalition within the USSR, France and Great Britain.

 

Disproof

A recurring disinformation narrative revising the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) was signed on August 23, 1939. To the public pact of nonaggression was appended

George Soros confirms the instructions given to the Russian opposition leaders

Instructions given from the US Embassy to Russian opposition leaders are confirmed by George Soros. The only function of the US ambassdor was to instruct Russian opposition.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory based on recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about US role in Europe on the involvement of American billionaire and philanthropist George Soros in the political changes in post-Soviet and post-socialist states.

Pro-Kremlin propaganda often accuses George Soros of organising anti-Kremlin protests because of his support for democracy and human rights in dozens of countries around the world.