Name of the “Iron Wolf” NATO exercises in Lithuania is a reference to fascism and Adolf Hitler

Summary

The “Iron Wolf” was the name of a Lithuanian fascist union, which was established in 1927 under the authoritarian rule of Antanas Smetona. The decision to call the NATO exercises taking place in Lithuania with this name is a provocation – this signal is clearly aimed against Russia.

All allusions concerning the “wolf” are a reference to Adolf Hitler, as his headquarters were called Wolfschanze (Wolf’s Lair).

Disproof

This message is a part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it continuously accuses the Baltic states of their support for the Nazi or Fascist ideology. Any disagreement with the official Kremlin’s view on the history of the Baltic states is automatically labelled by Russia as support for “Nazism”.

The Iron Wolf is a mythical character from a medieval legend of the founding of the city of Vilnius. The name of the Iron Wolf holds one of the most important units of the Lithuanian Army - Mechanised Infantry Brigade “Iron Wolf”.

A Lithuanian paramilitary organization “Iron Wolf” (“Geležinis Vilkas”) existed in 1927-1934 – it united mainly young army officers. In 1934, the followers of the “Iron Wolf” tried to implement the coup d'état against President Smetona – the coup failed, and the organization was destroyed by the Lithuanian authorities. Thus, this organization stopped to exist very quickly after Hitler came to power in Germany.
The claim that “any allusions concerning the “wolf” is a reference to Adolf Hitler as his headquarters were called Wolfschanze (Wolf's Lair)” cannot be taken seriously – it is a common word used all over the world without any alleged references to Hitler.

In other words, the name of NATO exercises “Iron Wolf” clearly refers to the well-known legend about the Iron Wolf, a mythical founder of the city of Vilnius (not depending on the grammar form of this name in Lithuanian – “Geležinis Vilkas” or „Geležinio Vilko”).

See other cases on the Baltic states – Baltic states are perpetuating the myth of Soviet occupation; Estonian authorities paying tribute to Hitler’s Cross of Liberty; Baltic states benefited from the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 173
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Baltic states, Lithuania
  • Keywords: Anti-Russian, Historical revisionism, Lithuanian military, Military exercise, Adolf Hitler, NATO, Nazi/Fascist
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
see more

What is happening in Ukraine is not decommunisation, but outright Russophobia

The so-called desovietisation in Ukraine hides outright Russophobia. In Ukraine, we often talk about all the names associated not only with the Soviet era, but also with historical Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that Ukraine is a Russophobic country and that decommunisation is directed against Russia.

The law on decommunisation initiated by the Cabinet of Ministers came into force in Ukraine in 2015. The document recognises the communist totalitarian regime of 1917–1991 in Ukraine as criminal and pursuing a policy of state terror. The law condemns two totalitarian ideologies - Communism and Nazism.

Ukrainians ruined the Russian empire and the USSR, the US is next

Ukraine is capable of ruining many empires. A great deal of the Russian empire collapse was brought by intrigues played by the empire’s ruling elites, originating in Ukraine. Dnepropetrovsk dynasty was governing the USSR. Once Ukrainian elites moved to the US’s camp, an awful conflict among American elites has emerged. Whereas we follow the Ukrainian crisis as a civil war of our close people, Americans treat Ukraine as Guatemala or any other colony and protectorate. Suddenly it turned out that Ukrainian elites can influence US domestic policies. It all started when Petro Poroshenko finished off Trump’s consultant Paul Manafort.

Disproof

This is a mix of conspiracies and ungrounded historical generalizations aimed to discredit Ukraine, Ukrainian statehood, and Ukrainians. It also follows recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about Ukraine as US's colony and a puppet state, a civil war in Ukraine, and US's meddling into Ukrainian elections because of Poroshenko-Manafort story.

It is a conspiracy and simplification to consider Ukraine and the persons originated on its territory as the main drivers for the downfall of Russian empire or the USSR. Historians agree that the Russian empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917, largely as a result of massive failures such as hunger, because of its participation in the WWI. There were many factors that led to the collapse of the USSR beyond the alleged mismanagement of the ruling Dnevpropetrovsk clan, such as political policies, economics, defense spending, and the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, etc.

Ukraine is the most failed economy on Earth

Ukraine is the most failed economy on planet Earth; the only country where the GDP level decreased by 30 percent in comparison with the situation 30 years ago.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremling disinformation narrative portraying the economic situation of Ukraine as disastrous and blaming various international actors - EUIMF - never Russia, for this state of affairs.

According to the World Bank, the GDP of Ukraine grew by 3.5 percent in the first half of 2019 compared to 3.3 percent in 2018. The solid growth was driven by a strong agricultural harvest as well as sectors dependent on domestic demand, including services (domestic trade, transport, and the financial sector) and construction.