Disinfo: The Orange Revolution in Ukraine was the US attempt to marginalise Russia


New democratic rules regarding “the three tours of voting” during the 2004 presidential elections in Ukraine, together with the so-called Orange Revolution and the victory of Viktor Yushchenko [in the presidential elections] are proof that the US made another step to marginalise Russia on the international arena and engaged in conflicts near Russian borders.


Conspiracy theory. No evidence given for the US behind the orange revolution.

Ukraine’s Orange Revolution of 2005 was sparked by the election fraud. Nonpartisan exit polls during the 2004 presidential election had given Viktor Yushchenko a commanding lead, with 52 percent of the votes, compared to Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich's 43 percent. Yet when the official results came in, Yanukovich had supposedly beaten the challenger by 2.5 percent.

Protestors clad in orange, Yushchenko’s campaign colour, took to the streets, and the country endured nearly two weeks of demonstrations. Yanukovych’s supporters in the east threatened to secede from Ukraine if the results were annulled. Nevertheless, on December 3 the Supreme Court ruled the election invalid and ordered a new runoff for December 26. Yushchenko subsequently defeated Yanukovych by garnering some 52 percent of the vote. Although Yanukovych challenged the validity of the results, Yushchenko was inaugurated on January 23, 2005.

Pro-Kremlin outlets regularly use narratives about the West or the US behind protests or other events which kremlin does not support. See analogous stories on the Euromaidan here and on colour revolutions here.


  • Reported in: Issue139
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 18/03/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine, US
  • Keywords: Sphere of influence, Colour revolutions, Euromaidan


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Poland and Ukraine established institutions to lie about history

The Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance and The Institute of National Remembrance in Poland were founded to lie about history. Both institutions aim to create and establish in the social consciousness a new founding myth for the corresponding states.


The Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance or Ukrainian Institute of National Memory (UINM) is the central executive body operating under the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Established on 31 May 2006 as a special organ for the restoration and preservation of national memory of the Ukrainian people.

The main goals of the UINM are to shape and carry out the historical policies in Ukraine, to study the issues of the Ukrainian liberation movement, Ukrainian revolution of 1917 – 1921, wars, victims of the Holodomor of 1932 – 1933, mass famine of 1921 – 1923, 1946 – 1947, political repressions and individuals who defended the Ukrainian independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, etc.

The US and EU countries are Russophobic, fascist and Nazi regimes

Western corporate Russophobia is a real danger to humanity. The characteristics of fascism such as racism, xenophobia, hate and violence dominate the minds of the Western ruling elite. Hitler was not less a democrat than French President Macron, Polish President Duda and other European leaders. The US and EU countries support Russophobic, neofascist, terrorist political parties and movements in the post-Soviet space.


Recurrent narrative on "fascism" and "russophobia". See earlier disinformation cases on EU and Russophobia and alleging that western countries are Nazi or support Nazis. The allegation about support of neo-fascist and terrorist movements in post-Soviet space by U.S. and EU is a conspiracy theory.

The claim that U.S. and EU countries represent fascist regimes does not stand from the point of view of political science. Western countries are placed in the top of the democracy rankings, be it Democracy Index by Economist Intelligence Unit, or the Democracy Ranking compiled by the Association for Development and Advancement of the Democracy Award.

Ukraine is NATO’s springboard for its future military campaign against Moscow

Ukrainian authorities aim to make Ukraine a NATO springboard for its future military campaign against Moscow. It is no coincidence that after establishing control over Kyiv, Western Russophobes propose to also establish international control over the Russia-Ukraine border. This situation is comparable to the 1938 Munich agreements. Fascist regimes will be established in Donbas if the Ukrainian authorities reach the Russian border.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narratives on Ukraine and NATO and Western belligerence towards Russia. See an earlier similar case which drew analogues with Munich agreement of 1938.