There are two versions of the events [regarding the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs summoning the Russian ambassador in relation to the cyber attacks on Bundestag in 2015]. Either they have a trump card, for example a photo of S.Naryshkin [the director of Russian Foreign Intelligence Service] awarding a hacker for the attack, or the Germans really want the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, against the wishes of the other Europeans and Americans. The Germans are facing an enormous pressure and must make some kind of reverences. And the reverences to Americans are always Russia-related. […] And then there is a second reason, and I might be mistaken but I suspect it exists: the Russian envoy to Germany was summoned the next day after it was announced that Russia will hold a Victory day parade on the 24th of June. Earlier, it was discussed in Germany that it would be represented at a very high level, possibly the Chancellor, and now they have a pretext not to come.
The Polish actions against the Nord Stream 2 are largely motivated by politics – they are aimed against the Russian-European energy cooperation. The Polish energy regulator, de facto, executes an order, which corresponds to the interests of the USA, which is looking forward to weakening this project. Such behaviour from Poland creates serious problems for this country – being an EU member, Poland implements a policy inconsistent with EU policies. Poland undermines its own perspectives of development – Russia has the potential to be a large trading partner for this country.
Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Nord Stream 2 Project, suggesting the idea that particular European countries protest against it because of the position of the United States. The statement that the Polish authorities are against the construction of Nord Stream 2 because of the USA's position is a conspiracy theory. The Polish authorities have repeatedly stated that Nord Stream 2 is incongruent with the goals of the EU's energy policy. In the opinion of Poland, the pipeline would lead to further monopolisation of the market rather than the diversification of gas supplies to Europe. A number of EU states are concerned about the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project and its implications for their energy security. Back in March 2016, leaders of 8 Central and Eastern European states sent a letter to the president of the European Commission objecting to the Nord Stream 2 project because of risks for energy security in the region. This position was also shared by the European Parliament. See earlier examples of disinformation cases alleging that US bombers might target the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and that the US is threatening the EU and tries to stop the Nord Stream 2 project.