Disinfo: The Polish economy was revived thanks to the Soviet Union

Summary

The USSR provided huge economic assistance to ruined Poland, and the Polish economy was revived thanks to the Soviet Union. The recent statements of the Polish authorities is another attempt to rewrite history according to the current anti-Russian sentiments prevailing among the Polish elite. The USSR not only liberated Poland but also helped to rebuild this country.

Disproof

This message is part of Russian historical revisionism and part of a disinformation campaign portraying the USSR as a peacemaker and liberator.

The Sovietisation of Poland and other countries of the so-called Eastern Bloc after WWII was accompanied by terror, massive repressions, nationalisation of industry, expropriation of privately owned land, destruction of market economy and restrictions of civil and political freedoms. The Warsaw Treaty Organisation (the Warsaw Pact) was the Soviet Union’s “external empire”, where people faced daily strife, including shortages of food and housing. Read more about life in Poland under the Communist rule. As a result of the post-war Soviet “economic assistance”, the Polish economy was turned into an inefficient Communist-type economy, unable to provide its citizens with a decent level of life.

According to mainstream Polish historians and views of the predominant part of Polish society, in 1944-1945, the USSR occupied Poland, establishing the undemocratic and repressive Communist Poland. De facto, Poland appeared under the Soviet military occupation until 1989.

See similar cases connected to this issue such as The Red Army liberated Poland and preserved the country’s economic power and It is thanks to Russia that Poland today exists as a country.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue180
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Poland
  • Keywords: economy, USSR, Historical revisionism, WWII, Economic difficulties

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Poland tries to adjust history to politics, misinterpreting the historical facts

Warsaw tries to adjust history to politics. Due to the current political situation, within the so-called historical policy, the historical facts are interpreted in a way, which often does not have any connection to history. They are adapted to justify the current political goals.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it accuses Poland of “falsification and re-writing” of its history and of the alleged information war against Russia. According to this policy, the Russian official historiography is the only “true” way of interpretation of historical events for the countries of Eastern and Central Europe.

Both Nazi Germany and the Stalinist USSR were harsh totalitarian regimes, which directly caused the deaths of tens of millions of people. It is a proven historical fact that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of WWII.

Ukraine is under foreign control since independence

Unfortunately, from the very first moment of Ukraine’s independence, our country has been under systematic external control. We have been given advice that is incompatible with our successful living.

Disproof

Unfounded claim, no evidence given. Recurring Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine, which it claims is under external control from the US or EU.

Ukraine is a sovereign state, not controlled by any foreign government. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by almost the whole world, including the EU.

The Polish historical policy is written by the Law and Justice party

Poland consistently implements the so-called historical policy written by the officials from the Law and Justice and the close surroundings of this party. This historical policy promotes the narrative that Poland was the victim of the USSR with the Communist ideology and the Third Reich with the Nazi ideology, claiming the two were de facto equal totalitarianisms.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it denies the fact of the aggressive nature of the Soviet actions against Poland in September 1939 and the totalitarian character of the Stalinist USSR.

The Polish historical policy is based on objective historical facts, shared by the predominant majority of mainstream historians. First of all, it is an undeniable historical fact that both Nazi Germany and the Stalinist USSR were harsh totalitarian regimes, which directly caused the deaths of tens of millions of people. Secondly, these two regimes are mutually responsible for the outbreak of WWII. It is a proven historical fact that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of WWII.