Disinfo: The predominant majority of the Ukrainian labour migrants in Poland are employed illegally


Both Poland and Ukraine collect statistics on the number of Ukrainian labour migrants in Poland, but the official data does not give a real picture. The predominant majority of such migrants are employed illegally.


This message is a part of the Kremlin’s narrative on the increasing problems with the Ukrainian labour migrants in the EU countries.

The message that “the predominant part of the Ukrainian migrants to Poland are employed illegally” comes from a misunderstanding of mechanisms of employment of foreigners in this country. Besides the traditional work permits, there is another much larger channel of employment of the Ukrainians in Poland. The major part of the Ukrainian labour migrants in Poland are employed through the procedure of the so-called “Declarations of intent to employ”, which are issued to the Ukrainian workers by the Polish employers. This mechanism is entirely legal – it was established by the Polish authorities in order to facilitate the employment of foreign labour migrants. For example, in 2017, the Polish employers issued 1.7 million of “Declarations of intent to employ” to the Ukrainians. At the same time, the number of work permits issued to the Ukrainians in 2017 was 192.000.

The number of Ukrainians staying in Poland for a shorter or longer time varies between 1-1.5 million people a year (most of them are “circulating” migrants, who stay in Poland for several months a year). According to the studies of the Polish National Bank, the approximate number of Ukrainians staying in Poland at any given time throughout 2017 was about 900.000.

Read other disinformation messages concerning the Ukrainian labour migrants - Europe wants to take away the visa-free regime from Ukraine, Large numbers of Ukrainians seeking asylum in Europe and Poland is treating Ukrainian migrants like slaves.


  • Reported in: Issue 179
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 12/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Ukraine, Poland
  • Keywords: migration, Visa liberalisation


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

see more

Anglo-Saxons are staging a colour revolution in Hong Kong with assistance from Vatican and Ukrainian Nazis

Hong Kong has turned into a Western ‘Trojan horse’ in China. American security bodies sent Ukrainian Nazis to instruct Hong Kong protesters on how to organize a Chinese Maidan. Most of Ukrainian Nazi associations are sort of mobile private military companies serving the US State Department. Another probable goal behind sending Ukrainian Nazis is to bring discord between the Chinese government and Ukrainian oligarchs who started selling important military and scientific technologies to Chinese. Washington also brought the Vatican in to help with the organization of the Hong Kong maidan. Local Catholics began an open anti-government propaganda. Events in Hong Kong may provoke a chain reaction in other Chinese provinces and strengthen the activities of totalitarian sects. Furthermore, the Taiwanese leadership wants to seize power in the whole China with US secret assistance.


This is a mix of Ukraine- and China-related conspiracies aimed to discredit Hong Kong protest movement, including recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about US or West-funded Hong Kong protests and Nazis in Ukraine.

Media widely reported about a group of four Ukrainians with far-right links noticed in Hong Kong, but the claims that they were sent by US security bodies or that they serve US State Department are groundless.

The attack on the Russian language caused the conflict in Ukraine

People living in those two provinces, in Donetsk and Luhansk, should be able to speak their mother tongue, Russian, knowing that is was the reason for this explosion.

The populations and the persons in charge of Donetsk and Lugansk are ready to accept a solution, a form of autonomy which allows them simply to speak their language, to have their culture and not to have a centralising State which tries to impose by all possible force a Ukrainian nationality which in fact, in this particular region, does not really exist.


This recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative is aimed at weakening the national identity of Ukrainians and undermining Ukraine's sovereignty. Ukraine is a well-defined nation-state with a long history, which preserved language, literature and identity, despite foreign rule for long periods.

The international community, including the European Union recognizes and condemns clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014. 

The Soviet Union is not responsible for attacking Poland in 1939 and unleashing WWII

European Parliament almost equated the Nazi aggressors and the Soviet Union. They almost blame USSR in the same way as Nazi Germany for unleashing WWII. As if they forgot, who had attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, and the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by stating that other European countries signed various international agreements with Germany after 1934. Read other examples referring to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact here, here and here.

German troops invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.