Disinfo: The Red Army saved Kraków from destruction by Nazis


The Nazi command wanted to set a trap, flooding Krakow, its inhabitants and the Soviet soldiers. These plans were not implemented thanks to the operation carried out by the group led by Lieutenant Alexei Botian. This Russian hero led the operation to save Krakow from Nazi destruction.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and promotes a fake story about the “heroic saving of the city of Krakow from Nazi destruction by the Red Army”. For decades, the Soviet authorities have spread a story about the heroic role of the Red Army in the saving of Kraków Old Town from being blown up by retreating Nazi troops. Polish historians have established the narrative of the Nazis, preparing to blow up Kraków as a post-war myth aimed at the glorification of the Red Army among the Poles.

See similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland such as It is thanks to Russia that Poland today exists as a countryNazi Germany considered Poland its best ally, the USSR was forced and reluctant to sign Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.


  • Reported in: Issue180
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Germany, Poland
  • Keywords: USSR, Red Army, Historical revisionism, WWII, Nazi/Fascist


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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