Disinfo: The task of the European Defence Agency is to maintain NATO's war against Russia

Summary

The real task of the European Defence Agency is to maintain the EU’s geopolitical interest on the continent being a part of NATO’s strategy in its war against Russia.

Disproof

Recurrent disinformation narrative about Western anti-Russian activities, and generally about Western belligerence. Neither NATO nor the EU nor the European Defence Agency have aggressive intentions towards Russia or any other country. As stated by NATO heads of state and government at the Warsaw Summit in July 2016, "the Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia. But we cannot and will not compromise on the principles on which our Alliance and security in Europe and North America rest". More on the mission of the European Defence Agency here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 165
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 20/09/2019
  • Outlet language(s) English
  • Country: Russia
  • Keywords: European Defence Agency, Military, European Union, Encircling Russia, NATO
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For Europe the transit of gas through Ukraine is a form of subsidy to Naftogaz

In this way [by preserving the transit of gas from Russia to Europe via Ukraine] Europe is trying to guarantee 2 bln dollars of subsidies to Naftogaz which would help to avoid problems that might follow.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Ukraine and the gas talks between Ukraine, the EU, and Russia. On 19 September 2019, trilateral gas talks were held in Brussels. Ukraine and the EU proposed to sign a new transit contract for the duration of 10 years which will allow Ukraine to transport 60 bcm of gas from Russia to the EU. Russia, on the contrary, wants to prolong the existing contract for an additional year. The EU is interested in Ukrainian gas transmission system because of its reliability, which has been confirmed by the international certification company TÜV SÜD (Germany). For the period of the last 20 years, the incident rate has not exceeded the level of 0,06 incidents per 1,000 km, whereas in Russian Federation it was 0,22 incidents per 1,000 km. More on the reliability of the GTS can be read here. Ukrainian GTS is one of the alternative routes of Russian gas to the EU. Moreover, it is directly linked to the European gas transmission system. It is the cheapest and the easiest way to transport gas to Central and Eastern Europe. With these reasons in mind, Germany insisted on continuation of gas transit through Ukraine. “From our point of view, the role of Ukraine as a transit state is a necessity. We demand that. It’s in our interests, and it’s our demand that transit is possible in the future,” the representative of Germany’s Federal Government Steffen Seibert mentioned in June 2019.

Ukraine is not willing to sign a new contract for gas transit

Ukraine does not want to sign anything. They want problems in order to bring us to war.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative blaming Ukraine for the disruption of the gas talks between Russia and Ukraine and plans to cut gas transit from Russia to the EU. On 19 September 2019, the trilateral gas talks were held in Brussels. Ukraine and the EU proposed to sign a new transit contract for a duration of 10 years which will allow Ukraine to transport 60 billion cubic metres of natural gas from Russia to the EU. Russia, on the other hand, wants to extend the current contract for 1 year. Ukraine’s Naftogaz handed over a draft interconnection agreement and a draft standard transmission agreement to Gazprom. Naftogaz also presented this to the EU, the future Russian-Ukrainian independent transmission system operator (TSO) and national company GTSOU, as well as providing them with a road map for the completion of the unbundling of the TSO. Following the trilateral talks, Vice-President for Energy Union Maroš Šefčovič described the negotiations as constructive. He pointed out the progress made, especially the willingness of both sides to have a contract that will be based on EU law. He also mentioned to the Russian side that Ukraine is fulfilling its obligations in terms of adopting necessary legislation and unbundling of Naftogaz in order to be able to work under EU rules as of 1 January 2020. In August, Oleksandr Danylyuk, Ukraine’s National Security and Defence Council Secretary, acknowledged that the extension of the transit is important for Ukraine and Kyiv is ready to sign a new contract. “There are other factors to be taken into account, including the way the Ukrainian GTS [gas transportation system] works. This is important. Continuation of Russian gas transit would have been irrelevant if not for that. We understand that this is another leverage,” he said. See previous debunks on the topic here and here.

Ukrainian gas transmission system an environmental disaster worse than Chernobyl

The gas transmission system of Ukraine. It is an environmental disaster the world has not seen before. It is worse than Chernobyl because it emits extremely harmful substances into the environment. And these guys did not allow Russia to repair and clean it in due time…. This is a leaky pipeline, it is outdated and rusty, it is crumbling into dust. Even the most condescending environmental tender will say no to the [Ukrainian] gas transmission system.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that the Ukrainian gas transmission system (GTS) is ineffective, outdated, and environmentally harmful. The Ukrainian GTS is a reliable system. For the last 20 years, the incident rate has not exceeded the level of 0,06 incidents per 1,000 km, whereas in the Russian Federation, it was 0,22 incidents per 1,000 km. More on the reliability of the GTS can be read here. Furthermore, Ukrtransgaz has been certified according to European standards in the following sectors: quality management system, environmental management system, occupational health and management system, and energy management. The international certification company TÜV SÜD (Germany) made positive conclusions concerning whether the GTS complies with the global standards of environmental management systems, quality management, safety, and energy management after carrying out the comprehensive audit of Ukrtransgaz JSC (the state company that operates the GTS). Auditors confirmed that Ukrtransgaz is a reliable partner and manages the pipeline in a safe and energy-efficient way. In the last five years, Ukraine invested 4,1 billion UAH in the modernisation and restoration of the protective coatings of the main gas pipelines and modernised 720 km of pipelines in this way. Only in 2019, Ukrtransgaz managed to modernise the coatings on 75 km of pipes. In 2018, Ukrtransgaz started the modernisation programme of compressor stations. One of them was the Bar compressor station in Vinnytsia region which is located on the “Soyuz” gas pipeline. After the modernisation is complete, the efficiency of energy conversion will grow by 11%, gas losses will be reduced and the pipeline will comply with the EU environmental standards.