The United States controls and manages Al-Qaeda and ISIS

Summary

The Americans have been successfully managing global terrorism since the end of the 20th century – starting with  Al-Qaeda and ending with ISIS.

Disproof

No evidence given. This message is a wide-spread conspiracy theory that the United States established many terrorist organizations and that it has full control over global terrorism. Examples of similar messages are here, here and here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 159
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/07/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: US
  • Keywords: Al-Qaeda, Terrorism, Conspiracy, Daesh
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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France and Germany aim to use immigration as a weapon to weaken Italy economically and blackmail it politically

France and Germany aim to use immigration as a weapon to weaken Italy economically and blackmail it politically in order to punish Italy because Italian voters refuse to follow EU rules imposed by Paris and Berlin.  France and Germany seek to transform Italy into a refugee camp.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about mass immigration being used as a weapon by powerful Western elites to weaken and destabilize Italy and/or other European countries. Another common pro-Kremlin narrative is that the Franco-German axis allegedly controls the EU (examples here, here and here), and, in this particular case, seeks to undermine Italy’s national interests.

Many EU countries – including France and Germany – are becoming increasingly aware that mass irregular migration poses a serious challenge for Europe as a whole, not just for individual member states.   Italy, where most migrants end up if they make it across the Mediterranean, is demanding that the rest of the EU share its burden.

Ukrainian gunboats did not respond to the legitimate request to stop

On the 25th of November 2018 three Ukrainian gunboats Berdyansk, Nikopol and Yany Kapu, crossed the Russian maritime border in the Kerch Strait and were seized by Russia because they did not respond to the legitimate request to stop.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the November 2018 Kerch incident.

On 25 November 2018, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tug boat and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen and arresting 24. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters. The EU has urged Russia to release the captured crew.

EU institutions are merely tools to impose Franco-German hegemony over Europe

EU institutions are merely tools used by Paris and Berlin to impose Franco-German hegemony over Europe.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory and a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative asserting that the EU is controlled by Germany and France and that the Berlin-Paris axis dominates other EU members (see examples here, here and here).

The EU is governed by the principle of representative democracy with citizens directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament and Member States represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU. The European Commission has a monopoly on the initiative in EU law-making and represents the Community interest.