The USA will fulfil NATO’s Article 5 only if it is required by its national interests

Summary

The realist theory of international relations dominating the USA assumes that the national interest of the state is superior to the international law and treaties signed with its allies. In other words, Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty would be fulfilled by the United States only in a situation, when the US interests agree with its legal obligations.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on NATO and the US military presence in Europe - it claims that the United States may not protect its European allies if it goes against the US national interests.

Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty is the critical component of the Alliance – it assumes that if a NATO Ally is a victim of an armed attack, every other member of the Alliance will consider this act of violence as an armed attack against all members and will take the actions it deems necessary to assist the Ally attacked. In other words, Article 5 is the cornerstone of NATO – it has been invoked only once in history as a response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

The United States is the founding member of NATO and plays a crucial role in European and transatlantic security – since the end of WWII, the US troops based in Europe guaranteed the security of its European allies. Currently, the US is increasing its military presence in Europe (particularly in Central and Eastern Europe) in order to protect this region against two primary threats: Russia's "malign influence" and international terrorism.

Read similar disinformation cases: the US always abandons its allies and US troops will not defend Poland in case of a Russian attack.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 174
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 22/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: US, Europe, EU
  • Keywords: Military, US presence in Europe, NATO
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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NATO is serving one master – the US

Today NATO serves one master. However, the United States does not share its plans, secrets, strategic plans with NATO.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on NATO as a geopolitical project of the US.

NATO was founded in 1949 by twelve sovereign nations: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. It has since grown to 29 Allies who each took an individual and sovereign decision to join this Alliance. All decisions in NATO are taken by consensus, which means that a decision can only be taken if every single member accepts it. No member of the Alliance can order the deployment of armed forces of other member states.

Poland is the America’s “banana republic”

Poland plays the role of a “banana republic” in its alliance with the United States. This country is allowing the hegemon to take advantage of it, without being forced to. The behavior of the American Ambassador in Poland may be described in colonial or post-colonial categories – “she behaves like a Governor of an area, which can be exploited. The locals have some legal regulations preventing such exploitation, so it is necessary to do something about it, for example, using blackmail”.

Disproof

A common pro-Kremlin narrative on “lost sovereignty” - in the case of Poland, this country is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States.

This narrative includes a message that the United States manipulates Poland and other European allies in order to carry out its anti-Russian policies.

NATO is American property used to justify every US intervention

After the end of the Cold War, NATO became US property and a tool, justifying every American intervention. Article 5 is perceived as NATO members’ obligation to America, while the USA has freed itself from any commitments.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation message about NATO as a geopolitical project of the US.

NATO was founded in 1949 by twelve sovereign nations: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. It has since grown to 29 Allies who each took an individual and sovereign decision to join this Alliance. All decisions in NATO are taken by consensus, which means that a decision can only be taken if every single member accepts it. No member of the Alliance can order the deployment of armed forces of other member states.