Disinfo: The USSR incorporated Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in a legal way

Summary

In autumn 1939, the Soviet Union, pursuing its strategic military and defensive goals, started the process incorporating Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Their accession to the USSR was implemented on a contractual basis, with the consent of the elected authorities. This was in line with international and state law of that time.

Disproof

This disinformation message is a part of the Kremlin's historical revisionism campaign – it denies that the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states ever happened.

On 23 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a non-aggression (Molotov-Ribbentrop) pact whose secret protocols divided the territories belonging to Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Romania into Soviet and Nazi spheres of influence. The Baltic States were not beneficiaries of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. Like other countries mentioned in the pact, they lost their independence and territories. Soviet occupation of the Baltic States lasted for 50 years and resulted in mass deportations and repressions against local populations.

On 24 December 1989, the Parliament of the USSR, the Congress of the People’s Deputies, adopted a resolution, acknowledging the annexation of the Baltic states as a violation of the USSR's obligations. An English translation of the full text can be found here:

The Congress notes that during this period the relations of the USSR with Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia were regulated by a system of treaties. Pursuant to the 1920 Peace Treaties and 1926-1933 Non-Aggression Treaties, the signatories were obliged to honour each other’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability under any circumstances. The Soviet Union had assumed similar obligations to Poland and Finland.

See similar disinformation narratives on this issue - The Baltic states benefited from the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact; The Baltic states are perpetuating the myth of the Soviet occupation and The Baltic states refuse to celebrate the victory over fascism.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 202
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/06/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Baltic states
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, USSR, Historical revisionism, Occupation, WWII, Baltic states
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A two-day visit of Ribbentrop to the USSR could not be the reason for WWII outbreak

it is unfair to claim that the two-day visit to Moscow of Nazi Foreign Minister Ribbentrop was the main reason for the start of the Second World War.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by the statements that the USSR was forced to sign this pact; other European countries signed various international agreements with Adolf HitlerMunich Agreement triggered WWII and various historical conspiracies saying that the Western democracies wanted to inspire a war between Nazism and Communism.

A “two-day” visit of Ribbentrop to the USSR resulted in the signing of the Secret Supplementary Protocol to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which assumed the partition of Central and Eastern Europe between Nazi Germany and the USSR. This Secret Protocol was the direct reason for the outbreak of WWII - the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939,  triggering the beginning of WWII.

MH17 investigation is deliberately delayed

The Dutch tribunal deliberately delays the investigation [of the MH17 disaster]. Investigators make every effort not to find out the real cause of this disaster but to fulfill Washington’s political order.

Disproof

The report advances recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the downing of flight MH17 and the subsequent Joint International Investigation and criminal trial at the Dutch criminal tribunal. 

The purpose of the criminal investigation is to establish the facts of the case, determine the truth of what happened, identify those responsible for downing flight MH17 and gather criminal evidence for prosecution. 

NAFTOGAZ stopped working near Crimea after the latter returned to Russia

.. this company (Naftogaz) stopped its work in fields near the peninsula, after Crimea returned to Russia.

Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation about the illegal annexation of Crimea, and trying to hide the real reason why Naftogaz stopped working near the peninsula.

After the illegal annexation of Crimea, Russia seized drilling rigs, gas fields, underground storage facilities, the fleet, apartments and other properties belonging to the state company Naftogaz, Ukraine responded with an international trial against Russia at the end of 2016.