Disinfo: The West buried the agreements guaranteeing the sovereignty and integrity of Ukraine


The collective West has buried the agreements that guaranteed the sovereignty and integrity of Ukraine.


This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin outlets accusing the West of the situation in Ukraine. This claim is made in the context of Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine.

By trying to put the blame on the West for the war in Ukraine, this disinformation narrative aims to deflect Russia’s responsibility for its unprovoked military aggression against neighbouring country.

The claim that the West somehow violated the agreements on Ukraine and allegedly provoked the large-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine is one of the key messages of Putin’s disinformation. It was Putin’s personal decision to invade Ukraine and start the largest military conflict in Europe since WWII. Western nations have always called to solve problems with Russia in a peaceful and diplomatic manner. Moscow’s overall aggressive policy has led to a tougher and better-balanced policy towards it by the West.

Russia was the first to violate the Budapest memorandum. Under the memorandum, Ukraine promised to remove all Soviet-era nuclear weapons, which Ukraine received after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In exchange, the leaders of the US, Russia and the UK signed the Budapest memorandum with guarantees on the integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine. The Budapest memorandum says that no one of the countries that signed the document has the right to apply any kind of aggressive policy toward Ukraine.

The second paragraph states that the signatories "reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine." That is, through the Budapest memorandum Russia pledged not to use any weapon against Ukraine, not just nuclear.

In this regard, Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, the support of separatists in eastern Ukraine and finally the invasion of Ukraine are a clear violation of the international agreement.

The European External Action Service has also noted that Russia violated several agreements by its actions against Ukraine: the UN Charter and the Helsinki Final Act, the Paris Charter (1990), Commonwealth of Independent States Founding Agreement (1991), Budapest Memorandum (1994), the bilateral Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership (1997) and the Azov Treaty (2003).


  • Reported in: Issue 296
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/06/2022
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Western values, Ukrainian disintegration, Sovereignty, Sergei Lavrov
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Disinfo: Zelenskyy ordered destruction of evidence regarding the development of biological weapons weapons evidence

A secret document of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine appeared at the disposal of Izvestia. It says that Vladimir Zelenskyy signed a decree on the destruction of all data of employees of Ukrainian enterprises that collaborated with the US military biological laboratories of Metabiota and the Battelle Memorial Institute.

It is possible that many Ukrainian specialists who participated in the research could be physically eliminated in order to cover up violations by the United States and Ukraine of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development of Biological Weapons.

Recall that on February 24, Russia began a special operation to protect Donbas, the main task of which is "demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine." From the same day, employees of US-controlled biological laboratories began to destroy documents and samples, including especially dangerous pathogens: the causative agent of plague, anthrax, and cholera.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about biological weapons. This disinformation trope was used as one of the pretexts of Russia's unjustified invasion of Ukraine.

The document shown by pro-Kremlin media contains signs of fabrication. To start with, it has many spelling errors.

Disinfo: Poland training Belarusian opposition for terrorist attacks in Belarus

Poland’s major goal is to restore control over the western parts of Belarus and Ukraine.

It is preparing militants from the Belarusian opposition to carry out terrorist actions on the territory of Belarus and to overtake the power by force.

With the help from the US, Warsaw has created armed, and trained Belarusian military nationalistic units, most of them from the so-called "Belarusian opposition". Poland is interested in using the units of Belarusian Nazis, which can carry out provocations at the Belarus-Ukraine border at the nearest time.


Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about alleged Polish imperial ambitions, as well as a conspiracy about the Polish plans to take over western Ukraine and attack Belarus through "Nazi units".

Poland has no territorial claims upon Ukraine and actively supports Ukrainians seeking shelter in Poland during the war. Likewise, there is no proof of Poland's far-reaching plans and capabilities to use Belarusian volunteers fighting for Ukraine, who are called 'Nazis' in accordance with pro-Kremlin propaganda's obsession with this term, in an aggressive attack on Belarusian territory.

Disinfo: Ukraine cannot be called a state, so Russia fights against the West

Russia is fighting the Western world, even though the West is fighting only through a structure called Ukraine, which cannot be considered a state.


Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation denying Ukraine's existence and sovereignty.

Ukraine is a sovereign and independent state with a democratically-elected president and parliament. Ukraine, as an independent country, has a functioning government and economy, it is a member of many international organisations, such as the United Nations and the Council of Europe, and a party to international agreements. Ukraine has bilateral diplomatic relations with the majority of countries.