Disinfo: The West cannot be trusted: NATO promised not to expand eastward


The West cannot be trusted. NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg's statement that the alliance has never made a promise not to expand eastward is not true. Of course, they promised. There are recollections of a British diplomat, who participated in the negotiations related to the unification of Germany. This English diplomat wrote that they sincerely promised that NATO would not expand, but of course, they did not mean it.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about NATO enlargement.

This claim has been debunked numerous times. NATO did not promise not to expand into eastern and central Europe back in 1990, which was confirmed by the former president of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev. Back in 2014, Gorbachev said “The topic of ‘NATO expansion was not discussed at all, and it wasn’t brought up in those years. I say this with full responsibility. Not a single eastern European country raised the issue, not even after the Warsaw Pact ceased to exist in 1991.”

These so-called verbal agreements are a fiction. NATO members never made any political or legally binding commitments not to extend the alliance beyond the borders of reunified Germany.

The claim alleging that NATO promised not to enlarge fundamentally misrepresents the nature of the alliance. NATO, as a defensive alliance, is not “expanding” in the imperialistic sense. Decisions regarding NATO membership are up to each individual applicant and the current 30 NATO allies. Every sovereign state can choose its path and bordering states – in this case Russia – have no right to intervene or veto.

For more debunks of pro-Kremlin myths about Ukraine see here.

See related pro-Kremlin disinformation claims, alleing that At the time of Germany reunification US promised Gorbachev that NATO would not expand eastwards; NATO is luring Ukraine and the Scandinavian countries into the bloc; NATO has double standards when it comes to Russia.


  • Reported in: Issue 270
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 27/12/2021
  • Article language(s) Armenian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Russia
  • Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, NATO, Sergei Lavrov, West, Mikhail Gorbachev
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Disinfo: Phobia-driven Poland and Ukraine reject dialogue with their neighbours

The year 2021 confirmed that there are two capitals in our part of Europe that consistently reject all forms of dialogue with their neighbours, being mired in the atmosphere of phobias and irrational fears. These capitals are Warsaw and Kyiv.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about anti-Russian, Russophobic Poland and Ukraine.

The claim that Poland and Ukraine avoid dialogue with their neighbours is unfounded. The Ukrainian authorities made repeated statements about their willingness to start direct talks with Russia in order to solve the current military conflict between the two countries.

Disinfo: The European Union intends to destroy Russia

Josep Borrell, in addition to heading European diplomacy, is also a blogger. The other day blogger Borrell published on the official portal of the European Commission a post titled "How can we tame the power politics of the East?" The East means Russia, which the author of the publication intends to "tame".

Josep Borrell changed his diplomat's suit to that of a circus trainer, simultaneously changing the tone of the conversation and the vocabulary of the discussion. According to his post, the EU basically calls Russia an enemy and intends to prepare for further confrontation with Russia.


Pro-Kremlin disinformation about the EU, ist external and foreign policies.

This disinformation message is a complete misinterpretation of EU High Represenative / Vice President Josep Borrell's words. Borrell did not use the word "tame". The post referred to is titled "Countering power politics in the East".

Disinfo: Eastern Partnership was developed as a leash on member countries

The Eastern Partnership programme itself was not developed in order to integrate the participating countries into the European Union in the future, but specifically for geopolitical purposes. The European leaders do not even hide the fact that the initiative is not about entry into the European Union, but mostly about obeying all the instructions of Brussels following the path of reformation.

In other words, the Eastern Partnership programme is a kind of leash on which the European Union “walks” the member countries.


This is a disinformation narrative often used in relation to the Eastern Partnership (EaP) initiative, claiming that this is an anti-Russian instrument and a mechanism to control its members.

In fact, the EaP was established as a specific Eastern dimension of the European Neighborhood Policy, which contains both a bilateral and multilateral track. This is a joint policy initiative, based on voluntary participation, which aims to strengthen relations between the European Union, its member states and its six Eastern neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. According to the official website, it was released on 7 May 2009 by the Joint Declaration of the Prague Eastern Partnership Summit.