In this way [by preserving the transit of gas from Russia to Europe via Ukraine] Europe is trying to guarantee 2 bln dollars of subsidies to Naftogaz which would help to avoid problems that might follow.
The West chose Russia as its main opponent after the collapse of the USSR.
The West today is divided on all major issues, and the only basis for unification is the anti-Russian issue. After the collapse of the USSR, suddenly the West no longer had a main opponent and chose Russia for this role. This is a pretext for them to maintain their military presence in different regions and to justify the network of their military bases.
While aware of pro-Kremlin disinformation campaigns, the West is trying to keep open channels of communications and cooperation with Russia. For instance, NATO as the Western organisation created cooperation bodies – the Permanent Joint Council and the NATO-Russia Council – to embody its relationship with Russia. It also invited Russia to cooperate on missile defence. The Warsaw Summit Communique 2016 describes NATO's official policy towards Russia: "The Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia. But we cannot, and will not, compromise on the principles on which our Alliance and security in Europe and North America rest." No other country outside the alliance has such a privileged relationship with NATO.
Also, NATO enlargement is not directed against Russia. Every sovereign nation has the right to choose its own security arrangements. This is a fundamental principle of European security, one that Russia has also subscribed to and should respect. NATO enlargement has brought more stability and prosperity to Europe, including Russia.
The EU and its member states have maintained a clear policy of reaching out to Russian society and youth, mainly through the Erasmus+ student exchange programme and other people to people contacts, in line with five guiding principles of relations with Russia.
For background, see EUvsDisinfo analysis "The “Russophobia” Myth: Appealing to the Lowest Feelings" here.