Disinfo: There is a Ukrainian military operation against Donetsk and Luhansk independence

Summary

In April of 2014, the Ukrainian authorities launched a military operation against the residents of the Donetsk and Luhansk republics, which declared their independence unilaterally, as an expression of their opposition to the coup in Ukraine in February of the same year.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, aiming to portray the conflict a Ukrainian civil war.

The war in eastern Ukraine is not a civil conflict, but a well-documented act of aggression by Russian armed forces, ongoing since February 2014.

Moreover, there was no coup d'etat in Ukraine. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was an organic reaction by numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk of this disinformation claim.

See further the claim that Russia is not a part of the conflict in Ukraine.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 188
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 15/02/2020
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Donetsk, Eastern Ukraine, Abandoned Ukraine, War in Ukraine, DPR, LPR, Donbas, Ukrainian statehood
  • Outlet: Sputnik web Arabic, masr20, miralnews, akhbarten, abudhabi-news, sabq-sa, elbayan-news, mulhak, mbs
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The DPR didn’t have the means to down MH17

Kyiv accused the “Popular Defense Forces” in the Donbas region of downing the aircraft (MH17), but the aforementioned forces denied having the means to hit the aircraft at this height.

Disproof

A Joint Investigation Team (JIT) was established to conduct the criminal investigation of the downing of the Malaysian Airlines flight MH17. The JIT comprises officials from the Dutch Public Prosecution Service and the Dutch police, along with police and criminal justice authorities from Australia, Belgium, Malaysia and Ukraine.

The JIT has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy.  At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH17, was taken back to the Russian Federation. On 24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. An animation of this comparative research is available here.

“Russian threat” is an invention of the West and NATO in order to expand eastwards

Saying that Russia wants to destroy the EU or NATO is naive and perhaps suitable for mass media.

Why did the first wave of NATO’s eastward expansion occur? Russia was struggling to survive at the time. So what were NATO’s reasons back then? In retrospect, attempts were made to construct a security risk from Russia. Do you really think Russia would invade the Baltic States? What should Russia do with Lithuania?

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that the “Russian threat” is a false idea created and spread by NATO to encircle and weaken Russia.

NATO does not "expand" in the imperialistic sense described by pro-Kremlin media. Rather, it considers the applications of candidate countries who want to join the alliance based on their own national will. As such, NATO enlargement is not directed against Russia. NATO's "Open Door Policy" is based on Article 10 of the Alliance's founding document, the North Atlantic Treaty (1949). The Treaty states that NATO membership is open to any "European state in a position to further the principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area". Every sovereign nation has the right to choose its own security arrangements. This is a fundamental principle of European security and one to which Russia has also subscribed.

Pentagon’s biolabs in Armenia are a threat to the existence of the nation

It is a well known fact that three bio-laboratories in Armenia, in Yerevan, Gyumri and Idzhevan have been opened with the cooperation with Pentagon. Officially, they are intended to safeguard people and livestock from pandemics. Similar laboratories have been opened in Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. In 2018, the former Georgian minister of national security, Igor Gioradze, disclosed shocking details about one of the laboratories in Georgia, financed by the US ministry of defence: at the facility, experiments on humans were performed, and 73 people had died.

The Armenian people have fought for millennia for their independence and for securing the nation; and they will now have to fight again for preserving their statehood. Everyone must understand that in the balance for short- or medium term gains, lies not only the independence, but the existence of the country. This must be a priority when decisions are made about cooperation with foreign partners in such a sensitive field as biological security.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given. Based on recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the biological weapons and Lugar Lab.

Read more about Lugar Lab on Myth Detector.