There is no evidence that Russia violated the INF Treaty

Summary

No evidence thus far has been provided that Russia violated the INF Treaty. The most important treaty for Europe’s stability and security was therefore ended for no reason. The European Union, in which France and Germany play a leading role, distanced itself from this fact and sided with the United States, as though Europe’s security is of no consequence. The EU should have taken more decisive action to save the INF.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the INF Treaty. Extensive evidence has been provided of Russia's violations of the INF Treaty.

Russia bears primary responsibility for the end of the INF Treaty, because it has produced, tested and deployed the 9M729 missile, which violates the agreement. In July 2014, then-US President Obama officially accused Russia of testing a missile in violation of the INF Treaty, which prohibits the US or Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with a range  between 500 and 5500 kilometres.

In a joint statement released after the meeting held at NATO Headquarters in Brussels on Tuesday 4 and Wednesday 5 December 2018, NATO Foreign Ministers stated that the United States has remained in full compliance with its obligations under the INF Treaty since it entered into force and that Russia has developed and fielded a missile system, the 9M729, which violates the INF Treaty and poses significant risks to Euro-Atlantic security." The US and NATO have repeatedly engaged with Russia to preserve the INF treaty.

It is also false to claim that the EU did not take action to preserve the INF. In fact, the EU urged the treaty's parties, the United States and the Russian Federation, to remain engaged in constructive dialogue to preserve the INF Treaty and ensure its full and verifiable implementation, which is crucial for Europe’s and global security. Previously, the EU also called on the US to consider the consequences of its withdrawal from the INF for its own security, the security of its allies, and that of the whole world.

For background on pro-Kremlin myths on the INF Treaty see here. For more cases about the INF, see here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 159
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 02/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: Czech
  • Country: US, Russia
  • Keywords: INF Treaty, Missile defence system
  • Outlet: Sputnik
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Termination of the INF treaty reaffirms irresponsible policy of the US

Termination of the INF treaty reaffirms Washington’s irresponsible policy, which could escalate tensions and destroy the European security system.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative claiming that the US is responsible for the demise of the INF treaty.

NATO stated that Russia bears sole responsibility for the demise of the INF Treaty. Russia has violated the Treaty through producing, testing and deploying the 9M729 missile.

Ukraine is the project of the West

Russia has restored its sovereignty since the 1990’s, but Ukraine has none. It’s a project of the West; the creation of a long-term source of tension between the West and Russia.

Disproof

Recurring Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraineits hyper-dependence on the West, and Ukraine as an anti-Russian project.

In 1991, Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union. The Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine was adopted on July 16 1990, Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation-state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc. Ukraine is a sovereign and independent state with a democratically-elected president and parliament. The EU and US support the democratic development of Ukraine in accordance with the UN Charter’s principles of non-interference into internal affairs and respect towards territorial integrity and political independence.

The responsibility for terminating the INF Treaty lies entirely with the American side

The unilateral, on a far-fetched pretext, US withdrawal from the INF Treaty and the destruction of one of the fundamental documents in the field of arms control have seriously complicated the situation in the world and created fundamental risks for everyone. The responsibility for what happened lies entirely with the American side.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that the US is entirely responsible for the demise of the INF treaty.

Russia bears primary responsibility for the end of the INF Treaty, because it has produced, tested and deployed the 9M729 missile, which violates the agreement. In July 2014, the then-US President Obama officially accused Russia of testing a missile in violation of the INF Treaty, which prohibits the US or Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with a range of between 500 and 5500 kilometres.