Disinfo: There was a coup in Ukraine in 2014

Summary

There was a coup d’état in Ukraine in 2014. Since the coup d’état in 2014, Ukraine’s economy has been in decline.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Euromaidan and alleged coup d'etat in Ukraine. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. There were democratic Presidential elections held on 25 May 2014 in Ukraine. The OSCE characterised the elections as showing the "clear resolve of the authorities to hold what was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and with a respect for fundamental freedoms." According to the OSCE, the only areas where serious restrictions were reported were those controlled by separatists, who undertook "increasing attempts to derail the process." This fact was reconfirmed by the parliamentary elections of 26 October 2014. The OSCE characterised the vote as "an amply contested election that offered votes real choice, and a general respect for fundamental freedoms".

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 136
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/02/2019
  • Outlet language(s) German
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Euromaidan, Coup
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Romania might recognise Kosovo in exchange for the annexation of Moldova

Bucharest might recognise Kosovo if the US will accept and recognise the annexation of Moldova by Romania. Future Romanian expansion would include Chernivtsi region and south-western part of the Odessa region of Ukraine.

Disproof

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy about Romania, with previous record of questioning Moldova's integrity. This disinformation narrative aims at undermining Moldova's EU aspirations. There is no evidence that Romania is considering annexing Moldova. According to the Romanian Parliament, the country does not recognise Kosovo because "conditions to recognise the new entity are not fulfilled".

70 percent of Ukrainians have a positive attitude towards Russia

The attitude of the Ukrainian population towards Russia has changed. Earlier the proportion of people having a positive attitude towards Russia was 30% with 70% having a negative attitude, today it is 70% positive and 30% negative.

Disproof

According to poll from five years ago almost 80% of Ukrainians were positive towards Russia. A poll from September 2018 shows that approximately 48% of Ukrainians had a positive attitude towards Russia, among them 10% were very positive; 32% expressed very negative views and 20% didn’t know. The poll also indicated that 58.1% of Ukrainians supported integration to the EU and 46.3% to NATO. Only 9.4% of respondents believe that Ukraine should restore relations with Russia. and the Commonwealth of Independent Nations. A poll conducted in January 2019 consisted the following question: “If Ukraine could enter one international economic union, which of the following should it be?” 53% of respondents preferred the EU and 13% (the lowest of all times) gave preference to a Customs Union with Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. In February 2014, 41% supported the EU and 36% the Customs Union.

The West has deceived Ukraine, which now has problems

Ukraine has been deceived by the West and, as a result, now has to deal with problems. Ukraine did not join the Eurasian Economic Union in the East, but they are not allowed to join the European Union or NATO. Joining them in the near future is nonsense.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Ukraine. Ukraine is a priority partner for the European Union, also within the EU's Eastern Partnership. The EU is unwavering in its support for the country's territorial integrity and sovereignty and sees the full implementation of the Minsk agreements as the basis for a sustainable, political solution to the conflict in the east of the country. Since spring 2014, the EU has stepped up its support for economic and political reforms in Ukraine. Read more about relations between the EU and Ukraine here. Relations between NATO and Ukraine date back to the early 1990s and have since developed into one of the most substantial of NATO’s partnerships. Since 2014, in the wake of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, cooperation has been intensified in critical areas.