Disinfo: Those who deprived Bulgarians of the Aegean Sea were punished by the communist People’s Court


The Bulgarian southern territories leading to the Aegean Sea were lost not because of the Neuilly-sur-Seine Treaty of 1919 but because of national traitors, who were later tried and punished by the Bulgarian People’s Court of 1944. These same national traitors were rehabilitated after the fall of communism.


This is a disinformation narrative targetting Bulgarian national history (similar here and here) and loss of Bulgarian territories.

The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine of 1919, which put an end to the First World War for Bulgaria, left the country with severe territorial losses, including the territory accessing the Aegean Sea. The clauses of the Treaty envisaged enormous reparations in comparison to Bulgaria’s economic abilities at the time which led to the reparations being reviewed and reduced over the following decade.

The article attempts to instil the impression that it was the People’s Court set up by the communist authorities in late 1944 – more than 20 years after the end of World War I - that restored justice as opposed to the ‘fascist’ monarchical regime, which turned a blind eye to high treason. The People’s Court was set up to dispose of the political and ideological opponents of communism, portrayed as punishing the officials responsible for Bulgaria’s involvement in the Second World War and issued death sentences to the regents of young King Simeon II, ministers, royal advisors, deputies during the World War II period, as well as numerous academics, journalists, artists and intellectuals.

In 1991, a law for the rehabilitation of repressed persons from the People’s Court was adopted. In 1996, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bulgaria repealed some of the People's Court sentences due to "lack of evidence". With decision 4/1998 the Constitutional Court of Bulgaria declared the People's Court to be unconstitutional. In 2000, a law that condemned the Communist regime in Bulgaria as criminal was adopted. Hence, the People’s Court has been assessed to have represented an illegitimate and repressive institution. The rehabilitation of the victims of the Court, therefore, does not entail burnishing the reputation of ostensible ‘traitors’ – designated as such by virtue of their opposition to the communist authorities.


  • Reported in: Issue 225
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 30/11/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Bulgarian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Bulgaria
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, USSR
see more

Germany depends on the US in the sphere of security

Germany is a dependent state in the sphere of security. This country is helpless without the US. This is a sign of dependence.


Recurring disinformation narrative about US hegemony in Europe. Pro-Kremlin outlets like to present other countries as American puppets. See similar narratives here, here and here.

Germany is an independent state and implements an independent policy. The narrative of the dependence of this country on the US is disinformation presented without any clear evidence. The statement that US military presence is “a sign of German dependence” is a speculative one. Germany and the US have close partner relations of two sovereign and independent countries. The US military presence in Germany is in the interest of both countries as well as in the interest of Europe security.

Too expensive for the Baltic States to synchronise their energy grids with Europe

Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia together with Russia and Belarus are part of the BRELL energy ring. The Baltic States want to disconnect from this ring and synchronise their grids with the rest of Europe through Poland by 2025. Lithuania explains that want to leave BRELL to be “energetically independent from Russia” but experts say that the process of disconnecting from BRELL will be too expensive for the Baltic States, the price of electricity for users will grow.


The case is part of the Kremlin's disinformation campaign about European energy policy.

The BRELL energy ring is a Moscow-controlled grid. It is a potential threat for the Baltic States because Russia continuously uses energy politics as a foreign policy instrument.

Sandu wants to arrange a second Karabakh in Transnistria

Sandu wants to arrange a second Karabakh in Transnistria (the title).

Sandu in an interview […] says without hesitation: withdraw the peacekeepers as soon as possible, and we will arrange our Karabakh for Tiraspol. That is, it intends to use the army against Transnistria.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative spread before the recent Presidential elections claiming that if Maia Sandu won, relations with Transnistria will deteriorate and the conflict will break out again. The elected president of the Republic of Moldova, Maia Sandu, is credited with statements she did not make in an interview given on November 20 to the publication Европейская правда (Ukraine).

In the interview, she said nothing about Russian peacekeepers, the introduction of the army into Transnistria, or Nagorno-Karabakh. On the contrary, she spoke of a peaceful settlement of the conflict: ”I believe that one day there will be a geopolitical opportunity for the reunification of Moldova, and we must be ready for this. But in any case, it should be a peaceful solution”. Talking about the solution of the conflict, Maia Sandu said ”it should include the complete withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Moldova”.