Disinfo: Transnistria is an independent state

Summary

Only poorly educated people can talk about the unification of Transnistria and Moldova. Transnistria is an independent state.

Disproof

Recurring the disinformation narrative claiming that the separatist region Transnistria will never join Moldova because of the pro-Romanian and pro-European orientation of Moldovan authorities. In fact, in a talk show to Radio Vesti.ru, Alexey Martynov said: “So for over 25 years, more than quarter of century, the Moldovan Republic of Transnistria has been developing absolutely on its own, and on a separate vector. […] Transnistria has always demonstrated an independent vector of development oriented primarily towards Russia, a greater, because they have considered and continue considering themselves as part of a greater Russia.” He did not ”emphasise” that Transnistria is an independent state. Further debunking on Polygraph.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 173
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 30/10/2019
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Moldova, Russia
  • Keywords: Transnistria
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Civilians in the Finnish concentration camps in Carelia are victims of genocide

Civilians in the Finnish concentration camps in Russia’s Carelia during WWII are victims of genocide and should ask for a compensation from Finnish authorities.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation message focusing on Finland and Russia's Karelia during the WWII. This time the topic peaked on pro-Kremlin media's agenda in October 2019 after Russia's Security Service FSB released "secret documents" about the conditions in the Finnish camps. The researchers have studied the treatment of civilians detained in the Finnish camps established in the Finnish-occupied Soviet Karelia in WWII, and nothing suggests Finns aimed at a genocide of Russians or Slavic nations. The word genocide is frequently used in pro-Kremlin disinformation, but it seldom corresponds to the actual definition of a genocide. Recently, the emphasis of the disinformation campaign has been on Sandarmokh, where 7000-9000 victims of Stalin's terror were executed in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, 1937-1938. Hundreds of monuments have been erected in Sandarmokh to commemorate the victims. To distract audiences from discussing Stalin's era repressions, beginning 2016, a disinformation message started being spread that among the dead were Soviet prisoners of war shot by invading Finns during 1941-44. There is no evidence to support the claim. Read the full debunk for Sandarmokh here.

Ukraine was created by Joseph Stalin

Do you know who created your country? It [Ukraine] was created by Stalin, whom you hate.

Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the history of Ukraine and Ukrainian statehood. The history of Ukraine dates back to the times of the Kyivan Rus’ in the IX-XIII centuries. As a nation-state, Ukraine was formed during the XVI-XIX centuries when it was divided by major European states: the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita) and the Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires. However, in the middle of the XVII century, parts of Ukraine's territories received independence from Poland and created an independent Cossacks Hetmanate. Later, it signed a military and political cooperation deal with Moscow, which was then used by Russian rulers to deprive Hetmanate of its sovereign rights. In the early XX century, after the collapse of the Russian empire, the Ukrainian People’s Republic was proclaimed. In Western Ukraine, which at the time was part of the Austro-Hungarian empire, the Western Ukrainian National Republic was created. On 22 January 1919, the two states signed a Unification Act creating a unified state. Other territories wanted to join the new Ukrainian state, such as Northern Bukovyna and Crimea, and adopted appeals to the government of a unified Ukrainian People’s Republic. For a historical perspective see here [in Ukrainian].