Disinfo: Ukraine and the Baltic states want to present the USSR as an “absolute evil” in WWII


The West wants to minimise the role of the USSR in the victory over Nazism. This policy is determined by Poland and the Baltic states. Currently, a new trend in the presentation of WWII has emerged – it presents as “absolute evil” not only the Nazis but also, the USSR. This strategy of turning the USSR in an “absolute evil” emerged in Eastern Europe – primarily, in Ukraine and the Baltic states.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it accuses the Baltic states, Ukraine and Poland in “falsification and re-writing” of history and imposition of their historical views on the EU. Read more here.

The claim that Ukraine, the Baltic states and Poland determine the view of the EU countries on WWII history is a distorted. The EU countries are sovereign states, which take their own decisions regarding the perception of WWII history. Ukraine, the Baltic states and Poland cannot impose decisions on the EU and its institutions.

The European Parliament resolution on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe stressed the fact that WWII was an immediate result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The resolution is aimed at the promotion of historical remembrance about WWII and condemnation of totalitarian ideologies.

See similar examples of the Russian accusations against Poland, Ukraine and the Baltic states in falsification and re-writing of history - Poland creates and promotes its historical myths in an active and aggressive wayPoland and Lithuania question the status of Russia as a country who won WWIIPresident Duda and President Zelensky promote propaganda and Poland tries to adjust history to politics, misinterpreting the historical facts.


  • Reported in: Issue 198
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 11/05/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, Estonia, Lithuania, Germany, Poland
  • Keywords: USSR, Anti-Russian, Historical revisionism, WWII, Russophobia, Nazi/Fascist, Baltic states


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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The National Security Strategy of Poland is a manifestation of traditional Russophobia of the Polish authorities

The new National Security Strategy of Poland is a continuation of a traditional Russophobic course of the Polish authorities. It shows their determined and permanent orientation on the United States and manifests their Russophobia. This situation is connected with active use of nationalism in the ideology of Poland – nationalism requires the presence of an enemy. It is important for the Polish authorities to have an enemy as they build their entire domestic policy on this fact. This document underlines the loyalty of Poland to the USA as its main European ally.


This message is a part of the widespread Kremlin’s narrative about the Russophobic Poland - the Kremlin-controlled media regularly accuses the political elites of Poland in Russophobia and implementation of anti-Russian policies. Within this narrative, the “Russophobic” policies of Poland are often explained by the claim that the United States fully controls the domestic and foreign policy of this country (presenting Poland as an American “puppet-state” or a “banana republic”).

Poland is a sovereign state, which develops its own national security strategy, which is based on the national interests of Poland.

The Polish National Security Strategy promotes the American interests in Eastern and Central Europe

The new Polish National Security Strategy is composed in such a way that an unprepared reader would start to feel that the very existence of the Russian Federation is a threat to the world.
The content of this document shows that Poland was obliged to defend the interests of the United States in Eastern and Central Europe, expecting the USA to take responsibility for the security of Poland.


A common pro-Kremlin narrative on “lost sovereignty” - in the case of Poland, this country is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States, which fully controls the domestic and foreign policy of this country.

Poland is a sovereign state, which develops its own national security strategy, which is based on the national interests of Poland.

Polish authorities fight the memory of fallen Soviet soldiers

Russia calls upon the Polish authorities to stop their fight against the memory of the fallen Soviet soldiers and to implement real steps regarding the fight with vandalism.


A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative casting Ukraine, Poland and the Baltic States as countries which do not respect the history of WWII and its heroes.

In 2017, Poland introduced new laws to ban totalitarian propaganda. According to this Law, up to 230 Soviet monuments may be replaced, a decision to be made by Polish local authorities. The Polish MFA underlines that Red Army burial places and cemeteries situated in Poland will be carefully protected. It is possible to dismantle and remove only symbolic monuments to the Red Army.