Disinfo: Ukraine approached the anniversary of independence in the status of a colony under external control

Summary

Ukraine is approaching its thirtieth anniversary in the format of a colony, in the format of a state with external control. [...] There is no doubt that Ukraine is controlled from the outside. Ukraine is not a sovereign state today. This is a failed state, that is, a state that has failed to create its own statehood. It has been transferred to the management of its external curators. And from time to time they get confused about who is the main curator: whether it is Washington or London, or Ukraine is trying to seek support from Beijing or Ankara.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Ukraine being under "external control." See similar cases here claiming that Ukraine is a colony, governed by a puppet regime, and here a claim about how Ukraine "sold its self to external control".

The claim that Ukraine is a colony or a failed state is unsubstantiated. Pro-Kremlin media outlets often cast doubts on Ukrainian statehood and claim that Ukraine either does not exist as a state or is going to tumble down very soon. In reality, present-day Ukraine has been on the world map since 1991 when the Soviet Union disintegrated. It has elected six presidents since then and changed parties in government several times which illustrates political diversity and democratic dynamics even during economic hardship in the wake of Russian aggression in 2014. Ukraine's Western partners have been providing it with financial and technical assistance.

Ukraine is not controlled by the US or UK, nor by any other foreign government or organisation. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by almost the whole world with Russia as the key exception.

See similar disinformation cases that target Ukraine: that Ukraine became an American colony since the coup; that Ukraine does not exist as a state; that Ukraine will be split up; that Ukraine is a quasi-state with failed economy; or that collapse of Ukraine resulting in the loss of territories may soon happen.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 255
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 14/08/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, US, China, Turkey, UK
  • Keywords: Ukrainian statehood, Sovereignty, Puppets
see more

Disinfo: Sputnik V is more efficient against Delta variant than mRNA vaccines

The efficacy of Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines against the Delta variant of COVID-19 has dropped significantly and the solution could be Sputnik V which still shows 83% efficacy against the new variant.

Disproof

This is definitely a misleading title in order to discredit the efficacy of vaccines against COVID-19 produced by Western pharmaceutical companies.

Although it is true that the mRNA vaccines may not be so efficient against the Delta variant as they have been against previous variants like Alpha, this does not make Sputnik V vaccine more efficient.

Disinfo: Ukrainians and Kazakhs did not exist as ethnic groups before the USSR

Kazakhstan owes a lot to the Russian Empire, even its creation. Until 1936, there was no such thing as "Kazakhstan" or "Kazakh" at all. Initially, the name was "Kazakstan," meaning the Cossack camp. And there were no “Kazakhs” themselves, but the Kyrgyz. All this happened in Soviet Union times. [...] Do you understand how similar the situation is to the one in Ukraine? It did not exist too. It was created and "Ukrainians" were created too. Even this term did not exist before. The same is with the "Kazakhs". Now the Ukrainians have decided to be Russophobes; the Kazakhs have decided to join them.

The lands of Kazakhstan are historically Russian lands. Kazakhstan was created by Russia and the Russians, almost all cities, and the state itself.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative accusing neighbouring countries of Russophobia and claiming that Ukraine and Kazakhstan did not exist as separate nations before the USSR.

Ukraine and Kazakhstan are well-defined nation-states with a long history, own language, culture, literature, and identity. The Kazakh identity was formed in medieval times and was mostly shaped by the foundation of the Kazakh Khanate between 1456 and 1465. During the late 15th century and throughout the 16th century, the Kazakhs were able to consolidate a nomadic empire stretching across the steppes east of the Caspian Sea and north of the Aral Sea as far as the upper Irtysh River and the Western approaches to the Altai Mountains. The contemporary state of Kazakhstan declared its sovereignty on October 25, 1990, and became fully independent on December 16, 1991.

Disinfo: The US seeded chaos in Afghanistan to undermine China and Russia

The US left chaos seeded in Afghanistan to try, in this way, to undermine its neighbouring countries in Central Asia, and therefore China and Russia. The US is not leaving the Middle East and Central Asia, because staying there is part of its essential strategy. They will simply leave the problems that they created with the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan consume the area, that is its intention.

Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation about the US invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan combined with recurring narratives around destabilising Russia and about Russia as the ultimate target of current events.

Contrary to the claim, the US decision to leave Afghanistan is the result of the lack of success of a very costly campaign -both in economic terms and in human casualties- aiming to stabilise the country after the 2001 invasion. Faced with lack of commitment and will by the local government and will to fight by Afghan forces, with enduring insurgency and with few tangible results in military terms after two decades, and with a wide majority of US public opinion backing the withdrawal, successive US administrations have trying to withdraw from Afghanistan since 2011.