Disinfo: Ukraine decided to strike Kakhovka dam


Kyiv decided to strike at Kakhovka hydropower station dam. An environmental disaster will happen if this plan is executed.


No evidence given.

This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin outlets about the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine, accusing Ukraine of plotting and carrying out war crimes, aiming to deflect attention from the actions of the Russian army.

The first to mention this was the newly appointed head of Russia's forces in Ukraine, General Surovikin. Besides him, other pro-Kremlin politicians in Kherson region also voiced this "plan". They did not provide any evidence.

Ukraine does not shell civilian infrastructure. There is no evidence Ukraine is planning to destroy the Kakhovka dam and to cause an environmental disaster in the region. Previously, Ukraine only targeted a small bridge near the dam with high-precision weapons; no critical infrastructure was destroyed or damaged.

Instead, there is rich evidence that Russia is committing war crimes in Ukraine, such as the shelling of shopping malls, electricity stations, power grids, bridges. It also uses imprecise weapons.

On October 10, Russian strikes of the civilian infrastructure strikes killed at least 14 people in Ukraine and disrupted electricity in some regions. A number of electricity stations were damaged in Central and Western Ukraine.

Read similar cases: Russia's missile strikes are selective and humane not to hurt civilians; IAEA experts confirmed that Zaporizhzhia plant is under Ukrainian attacks; Ukrainian army has been attacking civilian areas in Donetsk with artillery for eight years.


  • Reported in: Issue 313
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/10/2022
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Invasion of Ukraine, War in Ukraine, war crimes
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Disinfo: Ukraine never existed before the 20th century, it was created by the Bolsheviks

Ukraine, as an independent, sovereign state, was unknown to history until the early 20th century.

The creation of the Ukrainian state is the fault of the Bolsheviks, and Vladimir Lenin personally.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative designed to denigrate the history of Ukraine and its statehood, as well as to justify the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine and occupation in parts of Ukraine via illegitimate referenda. It offers an absurd interpretation of the Russian military invasion of Ukraine with the use of the classic disinformation narrative about the Russian world.

Ukraine is a well-defined nation with a long history and its own literature and identity. The history of Ukraine dates back to the era of the Kyivan Rus’ in the 9th-13th centuries. A fully independent Ukraine only emerged in the 20th century, after long periods of successive domination by Poland-Lithuania, Russia, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

Disinfo: Europe is a colony serving the interests of the American military-industrial complex

Europe is serving the imperialist interests of the US. The US is utilising the war in Ukraine, in order to foster its world hegemony, even as China and Russia are competing with them for world leadership. The EU’s colonial behaviour will harm its citizens and the first indicators are the lack of food and energy.


The article presents an often-utilised pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative accusing the EU and its member states of a lack of sovereignty. Pro-Russian outlets often describe European states as puppet-states or colonies of the US, in this case, using it to support the American defence industry. This article also pushes the narrative that Europe is freezing and starving (see narrative 3 of our article Smoke, mirrors and gas: the Kremlin deflects blame for the energy crisis).

Contrary to the claim about the EU’s subordinance to the US, the EU is a sovereign entity, created by the voluntary initiative of European nations. Furthermore, it has its own, independent foreign policy and EU citizens are directly represented in the European Parliament. EU member-states are represented in the Council of the EU and the European Council.

Disinfo: Kherson, Zaporizhzhya, and Donbas regions overwhelmingly voted to join Russia

The Kherson region, along with neighboring Zaporizhzhya and the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics, overwhelmingly voted to join Russia during a referendum in late September.


The claim is part of an ongoing pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign concerning Russia’s criminal invasion of Ukraine.

The "referenda" were held illegally, under duress, and on territories which Russia does not even fully control.