Disinfo: Ukraine does not exist, it is part of Russia


Unfortunately, members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) have no information, they lack basic education. Most of them do not even know that Ukraine is historically a part of Russia; they believe that it is a separate country that was oppressed by an empire.


This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin media denying Ukrainian statehood.

In reality, the territory of present-day Ukraine had been divided between the Russian Empire and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire for centuries. Many new countries appeared in Europe in the wake of Russia’s Bolshevik revolution in 1917 and World War One (1914-1918), the Ukrainian People’s republic (aka the Ukrainian National Republic) being one of these. It was later occupied by Communist Russia and forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union. Ukraine assumed its internationally recognised borders in 1991 when the USSR broke down.

It is true that Ukrainians and Russians share a common history, have similar languages and are mostly Orthodox Christian believers. Many neighbouring European nations have a common history, linguistic similarity and religious affinity as well. Although some of them were parts of other, bigger states at some point in history, all modern European nations are now equal and independent states, and none of them claims their neighbours’ territory.

Ukraine has elected six presidents since it regained independence. Despite Moscow’s fierce opposition, Kyiv set out on a pro-Western course when Petro Poroshenko was elected president in 2014. Kyiv signed the Association Agreement with the European Union in the same year, and constitutional amendments were introduced in 2019, which set Ukraine’s membership of NATO and EU as a strategic goal. The incumbent, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, reaffirmed his predecessor’s policy.

The illegally annexed peninsula of Crimea, which Russia considers its own, was part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic at the time of disintegration of the USSR. Therefore, it belongs to Ukraine, which was recognised both internationally and by the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation, and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation of 1997 and the Treaty between Ukraine and the Russian Federation on the Ukrainian-Russian state border of 2003. The European Union, other leading democracies, and international organisations regard Crimea as part of Ukraine. They do not recognise its illegal annexation and call for the restoration of the territorial integrity of Ukraine.

As for the education of the members of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, many of them have a sound academic background and know that Ukraine does exist as an independent state. It is common knowledge that Ukraine, Russia and all other ex-Soviet republics gained independence in 1991 after the disintegration of the USSR. If members of the Russian delegation deny this fact, they seem to lack either basic education or common sense. Regardless of the educational level of the Parliamentary Assembly's members and their views on world history, it is essential that Russia should keep in line with international law and respect its neighbours and partners.

Read more disinformation cases about Ukrainian statehood.


  • Reported in: Issue 254
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 07/07/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Ukrainian statehood, Russian world
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Disinfo: The results of the elections in Moldova will be determined by the "collective West"

The results of the elections in Moldova will be determined by the "collective West". The alignment of the electoral forces was planned by the "collective West". The role of the voters of the Republic of Moldova in this process will be secondary. The decisive factor will be voting abroad, since the diaspora has become the political trump card of the West in the elections in Moldova.


A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the alleged Western involvement in Moldovan snap elections that took place on 11 July 2021, mixed with narratives about Moldovan diaspora.

The narrative is using the statements of the US and EU Ambassadors in Moldova regarding elections or the component of future Parliament, as well as the request of pro-European parties to open more polling stations abroad. See here a similar case claiming that Moldovan authorities and their foreign partners are preparing massive electoral fraud for the early elections.

Disinfo: The Three Seas Initiative is NATO’s development aimed against both Russia and Western Europe

The participation of Bulgaria in the Three Seas Initiative will be damaging to this country. It is difficult to question possible economic benefits coming from this project, but in its nature, this union is anti-Russian and anti-German. The international media present this initiative as aimed to separate Russia from Western Europe (Germany and France).

Increasing propaganda of the economic benefits coming from this initiative shows that in future, Bulgaria will have certain military and geopolitical obligations, which will be harmful to this country. It will be deadly for Bulgaria to join any anti-Russian military-political alliance as Russia is able to defend its geopolitical interests with both peaceful and violent tools.

In reality, the Three Seas Initiative is the next stage in NATO's development – it is aimed against both Russia and Western Europe. The Three Seas Initiative is a project reminding Germany and France about the fact that someone else makes geopolitical decisions in their place.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about regional organisations in Central and Eastern Europe – this narrative presents such organisations as Eastern Partnership and the Three Seas Initiative as anti-Russian projects managed by the USA.

The Three Seas Initiative is a forum of 12 countries from Central and Eastern Europe launched in 2015. The main goal of this Initiative is to promote better connectivity among the Member States, with a particular focus on infrastructure and energy. The main projects discussed at the forums of the Three Seas Initiative are the Via CarpathiaBaltic-Adriatic CorridorVia BalticaRail Baltica and the LNG infrastructure in Poland and Croatia.

Disinfo: The HMS Defender’s entry into Russian territorial waters was a deliberate provocation

The HMS Defender’s entry into Russian territorial waters was a violation of Russian territorial integrity and a deliberate provocation by the United Kingdom and the United States.


A claim that the HMS defender violated Russian territorial waters, and that it consequently breached maritime law rests on an assumption that Russian illegal annexation of Crimea was in fact in accordance with international law. However, the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula lacks recognition by both Ukraine and the international community as a whole.

Moreover, since HMS Defender’s passage was continuous and expeditious, and since there is no indication that HMS Defender ever used a threat of force or any similar action, Defender conducted innocent passage in full accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to which both UK and Russia are members.