Disinfo: Ukraine escalates situation in Donbas, adopts discriminatory policy against Russian-speaking population


Continued provocations of the Ukrainian side aim at escalating the situation on the line of contact, and there is a need to end Kyiv's discriminatory policy against the Russian-speaking population. This policy violates Ukraine's international obligations.


This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin outlets, claiming that Ukraine is responsible for the escalation in Donbas. The claim has been neither counterbalanced nor critically challenged in the article.

Kyiv has repeatedly stated that it is not interested in escalation and that it prefers a peaceful solution. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy stated earlier this year that the Minsk agreements are the only option to end the war in Donbas.

Contrary to pro-Kremlin disinformation reports, it is rather the Russia backed armed formations, who are constantly breaking the truce, which results in more intensified military escalation in Donbas. It is not in Kyiv’s interest to escalate the conflict. More than 13,000 have been killed in the hostilities, and the Donbas war is a heavy burden on the Ukrainian economy.

The claim that Ukraine is discriminating against the Russian-speaking population is also false. Ukrainian law does not forbid the use of Russian nor any other languages in private communication and religious ceremonies, as well as in book publishing, the press, including radio and television, education and the service sector. Furthermore, Ukraine is a signatory to the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, which guarantees that people in Ukraine have the right: "to use freely and without interference his or her minority language, in private and in public, orally and in writing".

See similar cases alleging that the Baltic states, Ukraine and Poland revise history for political revenge against Russia, or that Ukrainisation is about political terror and Russophobia in Ukraine.


  • Reported in: Issue 267
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 24/11/2021
  • Article language(s) Arabic
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Russophobia, Anti-Russian, Russian language, Donbas
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Disinfo: Poland is getting ready to annex Western Belarus

Poland uses the excuse of combating irregular migration as a cover up for a huge regrouping of troops and the creation of an assault group at the border with Belarus. It seems that Warsaw is planning to solve a number of its political problems with a small victorious war. Poland is getting ready to get the territories which Joseph Stalin took away in 1939. The idea is very simple: three military groups need to crush Belarusian troops by Hrodna and Brest and reach the 1939 borderline.


This is a conspiracy theory, which is consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about Polish plans to re-establish its empire at the expense of its Eastern neighbours.

Poland has increased its troop numbers to ca. 15.000 on its Eastern borders with Belarus due to security and migration challenges. However, claims about preparation for a military attack against Belarus and annexation of its territories are groundless and lacks any basic military sense. Poland respects the territorial integrity of its neighbouring states and is not getting ready for a military attack against Belarus.

Disinfo: Messages about Russian aggression against Ukraine are propaganda

Does anyone really believe that Russia is attacking Ukraine? These messages are shared already eight years but it was quite clear that it is propaganda. The purpose of this propaganda was the Atlantisation of Ukraine and the restrictions of relations between Russia and the EU.


The message denies Russia's role in the war in Ukraine and presents concerns about Moscow's aggressive behaviour toward neighbours as propaganda.

The war in Ukraine is a well-documented act of aggression by Russian armed forces, ongoing since February 2014.

Disinfo: Migrants on Polish border were able to enter Belarus thanks to the visa-free regime

The ongoing, well-organised influx into Belarus of migrants from Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Libya, and other countries in the region was made possible thanks to the visa-free agreement between Minsk and the above-mentioned states.


The claim advances a disinformation narrative regarding the migration situation on the EU-Belarus border.

The Belarusian Foreign Ministry explicitly states that none of the states mentioned in the claim have a visa-free agreement with Belarus. Moreover, many migrants have been issued tourist visas upon arrival at Minsk airport.