Ukraine has lost half of its population over the past 30 years

Summary

During the last 30 years, in peacetime, Ukraine has lost almost half of its population. It decreased from 50 to 30 million people.

Disproof

Wildly exaggerated numbers on the decrease of Ukraine's population. A recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the socioeconomic situation in Ukraine and Ukrainian statehood.

According to the State Statistical Service of Ukraine, the current constant population of Ukraine is 41.9 million people as of September 2019. According to the data from the last national census conducted in 2001, the overall population of Ukraine was 48,5 million people. The largest population was registered in 1993: 52,2 million people.

As for the migration, the experts from the Centre for Economic Strategy have found that in general almost 6 million people live or work abroad. However, only 20% of them are long-term migrants. Most Ukrainians who work abroad are commuters who are travelling only for short-term employment.

The Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine has calculated that approximately 3 million Ukrainians work abroad regularly.

See a similar narrative alleging that 10 million Ukrainian citizens are forced to work abroad because of the government’s recent polices.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 171
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 03/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Ukrainian disintegration, Ukrainian statehood
  • Outlet: Politpuzzle
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By giving membership to Georgia and Ukraine, NATO will contradict to its earlier guarantees

Moscow has repeatedly opposed the strengthening of the alliance by means of giving membership to Georgia and Ukraine. By doing so the alliance contradicts the guarantees given by Western leaders and Russia reserves the right to respond to the aggressive actions of its foreign partners.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on NATO. Also, consistent with the NATO is encircling Russia narrative.

By signing the 1997 Act, Russia committed not to use force or any other method of threat neither against NATO members, nor against any other state. Russia violated the given principles as by the military intervention to Georgia in 2008, as by the illegal annexation of Crimea.

Massive cyber-attack in Georgia was orchestrated from the US

A massive cyber-attack in Georgia was orchestrated from the US. The famous group in the US launched hybrid warfare against Georgia, with the aim of returning Mikheil Saakashvili to power.

Disproof

This is a conspiracy theory, with no evidence given to support the claim. It is in line with recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about US interference in sovereign countries and the United States' imperialistic global role.

More than 2,000 websites in Georgia were knocked out by a massive cyber-attack on 28 October 2019, with more than 15,000 websites affected in total. The hackers targeted the websites of the President’s administration, common courts, city halls and city councils of Batumi, Kutaisi and Kareli, as well as non-governmental organisations and media outlets. The homepages of the hacked websites were replaced by a photo showing Georgia’s ex-President Mikheil Saakashvili with the caption “I’ll Be Back.” The attack also took two TV stations off the air.

After Brexit, the EU will do its utmost to contribute to the breakup of Great Britain

After Brexit, despite assurances of friendship, the EU will do its utmost to contribute to the breakup of Great Britain: the separation of Scotland and the entry of Northern Ireland into Ireland.

Disproof

The story advances a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative painting the EU as an anti-national superstate bent on depriving its individual members of sovereignty and identity. The EU and UK have mutual interest in ensuring there is no hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. For the EU, the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland is an essential part of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. The EU's timeline and its mandate on the matter can be seen here.

'Michel Barnier, the European Commission’s Chief Negotiator, at the Special Meeting of the European Council (Article 50), 25 November 2018 stated "We have negotiated with the UK, never against the UK. This deal is a necessary step to build trust between the UK and the EU. We need to build, in the next phase, an unprecedented and ambitious partnership. The UK will remain our friend, our partner and our ally."