Disinfo: Ukraine is an integral part of the Russian World, only Russia can solve its domestic conflict


In terms of Ukraine, we make a clear distinction between the leadership of this country, which is definitely not independent in its political activities, and the Ukrainian people, who are an integral part of the Russian World. It is very sad that the domestic conflict in Ukraine continues taking place and it may even go back to the active phase. In this situation, all the sides lose, particularly regular Ukrainian citizens. Only Moscow can solve this problem. The Russian Federation, as a superpower and a regional leader, must propose a strategic solution to this issue.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative questioning Ukrainian statehood and existence of a separate Ukrainian nation – the Kremlin perceives a major part of the former USSR countries as a part of the “Russian World”.

The “Russian World” is a nationalist geopolitical concept justifying the Russian expansionism in the post-Soviet sphere.

Ukraine is a well-defined nation-state that has preserved language, literature and identity, despite foreign rule for long periods of time – a clear majority of Ukrainians do not see their country to be a part of the so-called “Russian World”.

There is no “domestic conflict” in Ukraine but an open Russian military aggression in Crimea and Donbas. This conflict will immediately end after the withdrawal of the Russian troops from Donbas and the return of Crimea under Ukrainian control.

See other similar narratives claiming that there is no Ukraine, that Belarusians, Russians and Ukrainians are the same nation, and that Ukrainians are Russians, not Ukrainians.

The disinformation message appeared in the same article as the claim that Poland will lose interest in Belarusian opposition once situation in Belarus stabilises.


  • Reported in: Issue 240
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/04/2021
  • Article language(s) Polish
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Russian world, Russian expansionism, War in Ukraine, Ukrainian statehood, Eastern Ukraine
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Disinfo: Conflict in Ukraine is internal, Russia is not a party to it

The reality on the line of contact of forces in Donbas is frightening, the provocations of the Ukrainian military are not single, but multiple. Russia, not being a party to the conflict, cannot ensure a comprehensive ceasefire in Donbas, but uses its influence to implement agreements. Moscow has repeatedly stated that it is not a party to the internal Ukrainian conflict and is interested in Kyiv overcoming the political and economic crisis.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine.

There is irrefutable evidence of direct Russian military involvement in eastern Ukraine. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February 2014 when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government".

Disinfo: 150 Turkish troops arrive in Eastern Ukraine

150 Turkish troops have arrived in Eastern Ukraine. Some of them were spotted in the city of Mariupol near the front line. They look like special operations forces. They are probably those who will be coordinating the efforts of militants in Northern Syria, whom Turkey is going to recruit in Ukraine. NATO military specialists and equipment are being amassed near Mariupol. Turkey is trying to draw Ukraine into a big war with Russia, although Ankara itself will not take part in it.


This is a recurring propaganda narrative from pro-Kremlin media claiming that NATO troops are warring in Donbas together with the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

In reality, Kyiv and Ankara are developing military cooperation, and Turkey sent a batch of Bayraktar TB2 drones to Ukraine last year. The first reconnaissance flight was performed over Donbas on 9 April 2021. But there is no NATO military presence in Donbas. Some NATO top commanders visit Kyiv and hold talks with Ukrainian leaders to discuss military cooperation and plans for Ukraine's integration into the Alliance, in particular within the framework of Enhanced Opportunities Partnership (EOP) status. NATO is committed to supporting Ukraine’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. However, any military involvement by the Alliance’s troops in Donbas is out of the question.

Disinfo: Lithuania is spending less than 2 per cent of GDP on defence

Lithuania falls behind Latvia and Estonia by correlation of defence spending and gross domestic product (GDP). It spends less than 2 per cent of GDP (as recommended by NATO guidelines) on defence.


Disinformation about Lithuania.

Statistics from Lithuania's Ministry of Defence show that Lithuania's expenditure on defence is more than 2 per cent of its GDP. Lithuanian military spending reached NATO guideline standards in 2019.