Disinfo: Ukraine is under occupation by people from Lviv


Ukraine exists in the regime of an occupied state, where Zelenskyy is not the head of the occupation regime, but he is already under occupation. There is a centre of forces in Lviv, Galicia [a historic Central/ Eastern European region encompassing part of Western Ukraine and Poland], which does not express in any way the interests of the whole of Ukraine. But it impacts everyone.


Conspiracy theory; no evidence given. This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative linked to messages about Ukraine being governed by nationalists, Nazis and fascists, particularly in Lviv which is often portrayed as a Nazi supporting region.

Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation-state, with its own flag, nationality, language and with a democratically-elected president and parliament.

The myth of Nazi-ruled Ukraine has been the cornerstone of Russian disinformation about the country since the very beginning of the 2013-14 Euromaidan protests, when it was used to discredit the pro-European popular uprising in Kyiv and, subsequently, the broader pro-Western shift in Ukraine's foreign policy.

Far-right groups enjoyed a very limited presence during the Euromaidan itself and had poor results in the 2014 presidential and parliamentary elections. The "Right Sector" candidates received 0.7% of the vote in the May 2014 presidential elections, and the party received 1.8% of the vote in the October 2014 parliamentary elections. In 2019 election cycle far-right candidates fell short of the 5% minimum guaranteeing entry into parliament.

Read similar cases alleging that after the Euromaidan, Ukraine was ruled by the Nazis, Ukrainian authorities introduced Nazi laws to oppress Russian speakers, and that Ukraine is a Neo-Nazi state.


  • Reported in: Issue 178
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 13/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Volodymyr Zelensky, Occupation, Abandoned Ukraine, Ukrainian disintegration, Ukrainian statehood


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Ukrainian statehood is an inheritance from Soviet Ukraine

Ukrainian statehood is an inheritance from Soviet Ukraine. Why was there Leninopad [Leninfall: the removal of Soviet monuments as part of the de-Communisation laws]? What remains of Ukrainian statehood besides the Soviet period? There is nothing at all. The Russians had a great empire, the Ukrainians had nothing.


Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative designed to denigrate the history of Ukraine, Ukrainian statehood and its independence.

Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation-state, with its own flag, nationality, language and with a democratically-elected president and parliament.

Kyiv does not want to implement the current Minsk agreements

Kyiv declares that they cannot, will not, do not want to implement the current Minsk agreements. At the same time, we read that Europe continues sanctions against Russia. So who does not comply with the Minsk agreements? Anyone who wants to change them, probably? Kyiv? But why then do they impose sanctions against Russia? Impose them against Kyiv.


This is a common Kremlin narrative that Ukraine refuses to implement the Minsk agreements. You can read other similar cases as "Ukraine does not fulfill key point of Minsk agreements on negotiation with the "LDNR" or "Ukraine broke the Minsk agreements by allowing the National Police on the contact line". At the Normandy Four Summit, Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy never claimed that Ukraine doesn't want to implement the Minsk agreements. Since 2014, negotiations with Russia to resolve the conflict in the Donbas have been held within the framework of the Normandy Format and the Minsk process. A special Trilateral contact group is working on a peaceful settlement of the situation in Donbas. Three parties are involved in this process: representatives of Ukraine, Russia and the OSCE. Unofficially, representatives of the "LDNR" factions are also present. The second set of measures to implement the Minsk agreements was signed on 12 February 2015. The first paragraph of the document relates to an immediate ceasefire. Next, it is necessary to withdraw heavy weapons, ensure OSCE monitoring, release prisoners, grant Donbas special status and hold local elections, provide amnesty to the parties involved in the conflict and restore control over the Ukrainian-Russian border in the conflict zone. There are no conditions that the Ukrainian authorities should conduct direct negotiations with the leaders of the "LDNR" factions in the Minsk agreements.

Lawyers refused to defend Ukraine in international court

No lawyers have yet agreed to defend Ukraine at the hearings at the international public tribunal for the incident in the Kerch Strait.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the Kerch Strait incident. The tribunal in question is actually a local event in Crimea. Ukrainian lawyers refuse to participate in it, as it has no legal ground. There are no other formal legal proceedings between Ukraine and Russia other than the case in the UN International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. At a meeting in Hamburg on 25 May 2019, the UN Court ordered Russia to immediately release the 24 captured Ukrainian sailors, as well as return the Berdyansk, Nikopol, and Yani Kapu warships to Ukraine.