Disinfo: Ukraine lost 10 million citizens after the social genocide in 2014-2019

Summary

During another “five-year madness” after the coup d’état, in 2014-2019 Ukraine lost almost 10 million citizens who were victims of the social genocide resulting from “100 successful reforms”. The people died or left the country searching for jobs.

Disproof

The recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Ukraine, its economy, and how it was ruined after 2014. It also repeats a disinformation narrative about the Euromaidan events in 2013-2014, portraying them as a coup d’état. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was an organic reaction by numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk of this disinformation claim here. In the 2014-2019, the population of Ukraine has decreased from 45,2 million to 44,6 million people. According to the State Statistical Service of Ukraine, during 2015-2017 more than 1,3 million workers left Ukraine. According to the UN, in 2017 there were 5.9 million migrants from Ukraine in the world. The United Nations includes all immigrants who are born in but do not live in a country. According to the International Monetary Fund, the reforms after 2014 increased the growth rate of Ukraine's gross domestic product to 3 percent a year. The IMF predicts a similar rate for the long term. The EU also acknowledges substantial progress in reforms, especially in such sectors as healthcare, decentralisation, public administration, public procurement and the environment.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 162
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 31/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Economic difficulties, Euromaidan, Coup
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24 crew members of Ukrainian ships violated Russian maritime borders in the Kerch Strait

24 crew members of Ukrainian ships were arrested by the Russian Coast Guard in November 2018 for violating Russian maritime borders in the Kerch Strait.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the Kerch incident. On the 25th of November 2018, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tug boat and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen and arresting 24 members. Russia stated they were in Russian waters. However, according to the bilateral agreement between Ukraine and Russia, the Kerch Strait and the Sea of Azov are the internal waters of both Russia and Ukraine. The agreement gives both parties the power to inspect suspicious vessels. Furthermore, both the 2003 bilateral agreement and UN Convention on the Law of the Sea provide for freedom of navigation. See here for a similar case.

US brought Poroshenko to power via armed coup

In 2014, the US brought Ukrainian President Poroshenko to power by way of an armed coup.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative painting the 2013-14 events in Ukraine as a Western-backed coup, and casting the country as a failing state incapable of making its own domestic or foreign-policy choices. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk here. Petro Poroshenko won the presidency in a free and transparent nationwide poll, as reported by the OSCE. The only parts of Ukraine where voters were barred from participating in the election were Crimea (then recently annexed and occupied by Russia) and parts of the Donbas (occupied by Moscow-backed armed groups) (ibid., pp. 5-6).

Russo-Georgian war was between Georgia and South Ossetia

Russia recognized 11 years ago the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, which had been part of the former Soviet Socialist Republic of Georgia and were seeking independence even before the disintegration of the Soviet Union. This occurred after a five-day war between Georgia and South Ossetia in August 2008, which killed 1,692 people and injured about 1,500 civilians in South Ossetia.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative trying to deny any role for Russia in the Russo-Georgian 2008 war, and presenting it instead as a conflict between South Ossetia and Georgia. South Ossetia and Abkhazia did not claim independence from Georgia but were occupied by Russia.

Currently, Russia occupies 20% of Georgia's territory, about 11 years after the Russo-Georgian War, and continues to breach its international obligations by consolidating its control in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.