Ukraine lost its sovereignty

Summary

Ukraine, which used to be a prosperous and self-sufficient country, lost its sovereignty and became involved in internal conflicts which violated the basic rights of citizens defended in all democratic countries.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative blaming Ukraine and its political leadership for the conflicts in Donbas, the Crimea annexation and other internal problems and questioning Ukrainian sovereignty.

Ukraine is a sovereign country. Crimea is a part of Ukraine and was illegally annexed by Russia. In 2014, Russian troops obliged the Parliament of Crimea to organise a referendum, which was illegitimate under international law, and then formally annexed the peninsula and brought it under Russian territorial control. The annexation has been condemned by the UNGA. No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced on 27 February 2014 and held on 16 March 2014.

In terms of the Donbas conflict, the European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014, NATO leaders condemned in the strongest terms Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine and demanded Russia stop and withdraw its forces from Ukraine and from the country’s border. NATO leaders also demanded that Russia comply with international law and its international obligations and responsibilities; refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine; halt the flow of weapons, equipment, people and money across the border to the separatists; and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border.

As for the violation of human rights, most cases in Ukraine are registered in the conflicted territories. See Human Rights Watch report of 2019.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 160
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 30/07/2019
  • Language/target audience: Belarus, Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Human rights, Ukrainian statehood
  • Outlet: Sputnik Belarus
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The US has unilaterally withdrawn from the INF treaty

The US has unilaterally withdrawn from the INF treaty forcing Russia to reciprocate.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative claiming that the US is entirely responsible for the demise of the INF treaty.

Russia bears primary responsibility for the end of the INF Treaty because it has produced, tested and deployed the 9M729 missile, which violates it. In July 2014 the then-US President Obama officially accused Russia of testing a missile in violation of the INF Treaty, which prohibits the US and Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges between 500 and 5500 kilometres.

Georgia lost Abkhazia and South Ossetia because of Saakashvili’s activities

As a result of Saakashvili’s activities, Georgia lost Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative blaming Georgia and its political leadership for the Russo-Georgian war of 2008 which resulted in the occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia.

Georgia is a sovereign country attacked by Russia in 2008. Many international organizations condemned the occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, see e.g. the CSCE statement here and the European Parliament's declaration.

NATO is doing everything to destroy the Orthodox Church

Under pressure from NATO, the President of Montenegro, Milo Đukanović has changed his attitude towards the church. NATO is doing everything to destroy Orthodoxy and the Orthodox Church.

 


                            
Disproof

Conspiracy theory consisting of unfounded claims about NATO.

As stated in a debunk of similar claims by Polygraph, it is important to note that several NATO member states – Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and Montenegro -- have predominantly Christian Orthodox populations. North Macedonia will soon be joining the alliance, and Ukraine and Georgia, which have Orthodox Christian populations, have also applied for NATO membership.