Disinfo: Ukraine never apologised for downing a Russian passenger plane in 2001


Ukraine has not yet admitted that they shot down a Russian Tu-154 over the Black Sea in 2001, but here we see a entirely opposite process: it didn’t take more than three days, and the Iranians are already admitting to everything.


A false claim. In 2001, during a joint Ukrainian-Russian air-defence exercise, Ukrainian forces accidentally shot down a Russian passenger aircraft, flying from Tel Aviv to Novosibirsk. The Ukrainian government admitted the tragedy as a mistake, and agreed to pay compensation to the victims, both in Israel and Russia.


  • Reported in: Issue179
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 11/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Iran, Ukraine
  • Keywords: PS752


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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The United States has developed a method for downing civilian aircraft

The nose part of the [Russian built] “TOR” 9M330 surface-to-air missile was, according to publications on the Internet, laying almost ideally placed under the aircraft, in full working order and ideally coloured. Any civilian aircraft has transponders, connecting them to the air dispatchers and the military simply cannot know what kind of object is approaching. “This is typical for our comrades the Americans. Since 1978 there have been seven cases of downing of aircraft by American actions. One can see an entire method being designed”.




A claim, not supported by any documents. Iran has officially admitted the downing a result of a human error and has allowed independent experts access to the crash site. The claim that US systematically is downing civilian aircraft is merely an unfounded conspiracy theory. There certainly have been tragic cases of military action against civilian aircraft, and at some occasions - by US military. A notable example is the Iran Air flight 655, which was downed by a hit by a SM-2MR surface-to-air missile fired from a US naval ship. The United States accepted responsibility for the tragedy at a settlement in the International Court of Justice.

The US plans to turn the Baltic states into an empty field and arena for Drang nach Osten against Russia

NATO upcoming military exercises in the Baltic states close to the borders of Belarus and Russia have to be understood through the prism of the aggressive US intentions to establish its world order. This can be done only through the military means and direct military aggression as it earlier happened to Yugoslavia, Iraq, and Libya.

The US views the Baltic states not as independent countries but as NATO springboard for conducting military attack against Belarus and Russia. The colonizers want to wipe the territories of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia from population to organize an offensive NATO’s fist for American Drang nach Osten. The Baltic states’ governments are tasked to clear the territories of their quasi-countries from the population that NATO does not need.

In order to do so, three types of actions were undertaken. First, Russian-speaking residents were recognized as non-citizens as part of the slavery philosophy of NATO and its Baltic puppets. In order to put Russians in unbearable conditions and to make them leave the Baltic states, wide-scale Russophobic policies were staged by the US and the EU. In fact, Americans do not need Lithuanians, Latvians, and Estonians either. Hence, the second NATO step was to push the most active part of the Baltic states’ societies to other EU countries. Third, the remaining population is kept under constant fear of alleged threat from the east, provoking stress and further emigration. Therefore, very soon the territories of the Baltic states will be completely depopulated and will turn into an empty field which NATO will be able to use as it wants.


This publication represents a mix of conspiracies consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about NATO aggressive plans towards Belarus and Russia, socio-economic degradation in the Baltic States, lost sovereignty / external control. The disinformation message involves a major element of Nazi ideology – Drang nach Osten – to draw parallels between Nazi Germany and the US / West / NATO.

It also mispresents Latvian and Estonian domestic legislation on citizenship, demographic and migration trends as NATO-driven Russophobic policies aimed to depopulate the Baltic states.

The United States might have provoked Iran to open fire against a civilian aircraft

The former commander of the surface-to-air defence section of the Russian Air Force does not exclude that an American reconnaissance UAV, sent to Iran after Tehran’s missile attack on US bases in Iraq, was present close to the Ukrainian passenger aircraft.


A claim, not supported by any documents. Iran has officially admitted the downing a result of a human error and has allowed independent experts access to the crash site.