Disinfo: Ukraine never existed before the 20th century, it was created by the Bolsheviks

Summary

Ukraine, as an independent, sovereign state, was unknown to history until the early 20th century.

The creation of the Ukrainian state is the fault of the Bolsheviks, and Vladimir Lenin personally.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative designed to denigrate the history of Ukraine and its statehood, as well as to justify the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine and occupation in parts of Ukraine via illegitimate referenda. It offers an absurd interpretation of the Russian military invasion of Ukraine with the use of the classic disinformation narrative about the Russian world.

Ukraine is a well-defined nation with a long history and its own literature and identity. The history of Ukraine dates back to the era of the Kyivan Rus’ in the 9th-13th centuries. A fully independent Ukraine only emerged in the 20th century, after long periods of successive domination by Poland-Lithuania, Russia, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

In the aftermath of World War I and the disintegration of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires two states were created: the Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR) and the West Ukrainian People's Republic. They merged into a unified state - the Ukrainian People's Republic - on 22 January 1919. Under Lenin's leadership at the beginning of the 20th century, Ukraine was occupied by the Bolsheviks and for decades was under communist control.

Under Lenin's leadership at the beginning of the 20th century, Ukraine was occupied by the Bolsheviks and for decades was under communist control. When the Soviet Union began to unravel in 1990–91, the legislature of the Ukrainian SSR declared sovereignty (July 16, 1990) and then full independence (August 24, 1991). With the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991, Ukraine gained full independence which was also recognised by Russia under late president Yeltsin of the Russian Federation.

The "all-Russian big nation" is an imperial Russian and Russian revanchist ideology that is a favoured pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at weakening the national identity of Ukrainians, as well as undermining the state sovereignty.

Ukraine is a sovereign and independent state with a democratically-elected president and parliament. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by almost the whole world with Russia as the key exception.

Pro-Kremlin media outlets often cast doubts on Ukrainian statehood and claim that Ukraine either does not exist as a state or is going to tumble down very soon, or it is a colony of the West.

Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity have been violated by continuous acts of aggression by Russian armed forces since 2014 and culminated in an aggressive full-scale attack on a neighbouring country on February 24, 2022.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 314
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 18/10/2022
  • Article language(s) Georgian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Ukrainian statehood, Sovereignty, Russian world

Belarus

see more

Events in Haiti are “planned chaos” to execute foreign intervention

Everything that is taking place in Haiti is “planned chaos” to be able to execute an international intervention.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory not backed by any evidence, aiming to support a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about an imperialist West.

UN Secretary General António Guterres called on 10 October 2022 for ‘enhanced security support’ for Haiti and ‘a rapid action force” to help the country’s government to deal with increasing instability fuelled by gang violence. This call was made days after Haitian interim prime minister Ariel Henry had requested a foreign armed intervention to stabilize the country. As a result, the United States drafted a United Nations Security Council resolution encouraging the “immediate deployment of a multinational rapid action force” to Haiti, according to The Miami Herald. The measure led to violent protests and was rejected by some civil society groups and humanitarian organisations. However, nothing suggests any international hand behind destabilising events in Haiti. Actually, the situation of instability was largely created by violent armed gangs that have been a serious problem in the country for a long time, including the group of Jimmy “Barbecue” Cherizier, whose G9 gang confederation blocked the so-called Varreux fuel terminal in late September. These actions have “directly contributed to the economic paralysis and humanitarian crisis in Haiti”, according to a UN Security Council resolution drafted by Mexico and the US to impose sanctions on Cherizier and other gang members.

Steadfast Noon exercise is a general rehearsal for WWIII

The maneuvers are not taking place at a declared safe distance from Russia (1,000 km), but within the range of strategic nuclear weapons that can reach Moscow and other major cities in the western part of Russia.

The events in Ukraine (as well as in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Libya, and Yugoslavia) show that NATO is an instrument of escalation and is not geared for anything else. Steadfast Noon maneuvers are an absolute threat to Russia, Europe and the world.

Besides, during the Steadfast Noon maneuvers, man-made disasters, lightning strikes, fires, and even terrorist attacks by Ukrainian special services are not ruled out in order to involve NATO in a direct military conflict with Russia.

The bloc's internal divisions heighten doubts about the technological safety of the Steadfast Noon war games. There is wide scope for a possible escalation here, and not a single argument in favour of strengthening peace and security.

Steadfast Noon is a dress rehearsal for World War III, in which the US and NATO are doomed.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about NATO and its military exercises.

The Steadfast Noon is a routine training activity, not linked to any current world events. The exercise involves training flights of fighter jets, as well as surveillance and refuelling aircraft. No live weapons are used.

Putin's offensive a response to the terrorist campaign launched by Kyiv junta

Putin's offensive in Ukraine is aimed at destroying the country's infrastructure. This is as a response to the terrorist campaign launched by the Kyiv junta, before Moscow has always used a soft strategy on the military side.

Disproof

The claim is part of an ongoing pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign concerning Russia’s criminal invasion of Ukraine.

At least 14 people have died and 95 were injured during the strikes of Monday the 10th of October. A children's playground was among Russia's targets, not just infrastructure.

Subscribe to the DISINFO REVIEW

Your weekly update on pro-Kremlin disinformation

No, thank you.