Ukraine received its territory from Russia under various circumstances

Summary

The Ukrainians received their (current) territory from Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at the revision of Ukrainian history – Ukraine is presented as a historical part of Russia, country without its own history and no tradition of state institutions. See other cases on the alleged territorial claims against Ukraine here and here.

The history of the Ukrainian statehood dates back to the times of the Kievan Rus’ (9-13th centuries), which was the first East Slavic state (which gave birth to numerous Slavic principalities on the territory of present-day Russia). Throughout 13-18th centuries, major parts of the Ukrainian lands were part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Ukrainians have a rich history of independent Cossack states (Zaporozhian Sich), which existed in the 16-18th centuries. The Russian Empire established its control over the largest part of Ukraine only at the end of the 18th century – it means that throughout the major part of its history, the territory of Ukraine did not have any connection to present-day Russia.

Ukraine was proclaimed as an independent state on August 24, 1991. The Ukrainian independence referendum took place on December 1, 1991 - the overwhelming majority of the population (over 90%) voted in favour of independence. Throughout the 1990s, the Russian Federation and Ukraine signed several agreements, which officially acknowledged the inviolability of state borders between two countries (1992 Agreement; 1997 Russian–Ukrainian Friendship Treaty). Moreover, the Russian Federation guaranteed the inviolability of the Ukrainian borders by signing the Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1994. It is important to remember that in all of its international agreements, Russia recognized the Crimea as part of Ukrainian territory.

In other words, in 1991, Ukraine became an independent sovereign state with internationally-recognized borders - the claim that "Ukraine received its current territory from Russia" is not backed by any historical or international document.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 171
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 21/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, Ukrainian disintegration, Ukrainian statehood
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
see more

Lithuania is a totalitarian country

Lithuania is known for uncompromising position concerning all issues, from energy to absolutely wild crimes in the field of human rights. The cases of Paleckis, Mel, and Titov serve as examples. If earlier Lithuania can be considered as an authoritarian country, at present it can be certainly seen as a totalitarian state.

Disproof

This message is aimed to discredit Lithuania by putting an absurd claim about the country's totalitarian political regime, based on examples of three recent criminal cases.

Lithuania is a democratic country which protects the rule of law. The most recent Freedom House report qualifies Lithuania as a democracy with aggregate freedom score of 91 out of 100. "Lithuania is a democracy in which political rights and civil liberties are generally respected," the report says.

US will blackmail Belarusian authorities over the nuclear power plant

The US will likely start openly blackmailing Belarusian authorities over the nuclear power plant. Their ultimatum will demand that Belarus either shuts down the station or imports nuclear fuel from the U.S.

The U.S. will use the Belarusian NPP as a political tool for blackmailing and pressing Lukashenka. If he does not comply with the US’ ultimatum, he will likely face a new package of economic sanctions.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory about the Belarusian nuclear power plant in Astravets and the US presence in Europe.

US Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Rita Baranwal has indeed said that “in the future, American fuel suppliers could partly supply fuel” to Belarusian NPP which “is already being done at some power plants around the world.” However the assumption about the upcoming political pressure and introduction of economic sanctions in case of Belarusian denial to import nuclear fuel from the U.S. is groundless.

Georgian snipers admitted that they shot at Euromaidan protesters in 2014

Georgian snipers confirmed their earlier statement that the shooting on February 20, 2014 during the Euromaidan protest was planned in advance by Ukrainian nationalist politicians Sergei Pashinsky, Andrey Parubiy, Georgian ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili and other leaders of the opposition.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory perpetuation pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the Euromaidan protests.

No evidence is given to prove that “Georgian snipers” were responsible for shooting during the 2014 Euromaidan in Kyiv. Pro-Kremlin disinformation has spread different versions of the identity of the snipers.