Disinfo: Ukraine redraws administrative districts that do not belong to it

Summary

Ukraine has published its proposed administrative district border reform. Kyiv seeks to redraw administrative boundaries in territories that do not belong to it, including the Donetsk People’s Republic, the Luhansk People’s Republic and Russian Crimea.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea and the separatist territories in the Donbas.

No international body recognises the so-called referendum in Crimea, announced 27th of February and held less than three weeks later. On March 27th, 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in which it stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. The oft-cited figure of 97% has been contested by the Kremlin’s own Human Rights Council, which estimated that only between 30% and 50% of Crimeans took part in the referendum, of which some 50-60% favoured secession. Crimea is still recognized internationally as a part of Ukraine.

Moreover, the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts are also internationally recognized as parts of Ukraine. The EU has stressed on several occasions that Ukraine’s borders must be respected. On the 27th of March 2014, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 68/262 confirming Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Moreover, the international community, including the European Union, recognises and condemns clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014. 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 202
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/06/2020
  • Language/target audience: Hungarian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Donbas, Crimea
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The US and EU organized a neo-Nazi coup in Ukraine, which led to the loss of Crimea and an uprising in Donbas

Anti-Russian sanctions – imposed in 2014 after the United States and the EU organized an armed neo-Nazi coup in Ukraine, which led to the loss of Crimea and an uprising in Donbas – have been going on for six years.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign against Ukraine, containing multiple disinformation narratives.

There was no neo-Nazi coup d'état in Ukraine organised by the US or the EU. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was an organic reaction by numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See similar cases here.

Aegis Ashore missile defense system and MK-41 in Romania are an immediate threat to Russia

With the new (Defence) strategy, Romania will start acting like the Baltic States and Poland, which also shout about the Russian threat. Romania participates in anti-Russian NATO exercises and places American weapons on its territory. The US military base is operating in the country, where the Aegis Ashore missile defense system and launchers system MK-41 are installed. They can be used to launch Tomahawk cruise missiles. This is an immediate threat to Russia.

Disproof

The Aegis Ashore Missile Defence System is part of the European Phased Adapted Approach, designed to protect European NATO allies, and the U.S. deployed forces in the region, against current and emerging ballistic threats from the Middle East. U.S. Naval Forces ruled out the possibility of targeting the Russian Federation with the Aegis Ashore system. In August 2019 the Aegis Ashore ballistic missile defence system in Romania completed scheduled update. This update did not provide any offensive capability to the Aegis Ashore missile defence system.

The MK-41 launcher used at the Aegis Ashore Ballistic Missile Defence system deployed in Romania is only capable of launching defensive interceptor missiles. Russians have long claimed that the MK-41 VLS system allows Aegis Ashore to also launch ground-based cruise missiles. The accusation has been categorically rejected by Washington and NATO, which say the system does not have the software or the hardware needed to launch offensive ballistic or cruise missiles such as the Tomahawk, and its role is only to intercept missiles.

Revolutions were made, legitimate governments were overthrown by American manuals

Revolutions were made, legitimate governments were overthrown by American manuals. How awkward these requirements now look like concerning the situation in the US. Remember your own advice on human rights and finally apply them in your own country.

Protests against racism and police violence in the US got out of control. The police can’t handle the chaos. In the United States, several dozen people died, hundreds were wounded, and thousands were arrested as the result of the riots.

Disproof

An unfounded conspiracy theory, in line with a pro-Kremlin narrative on protests never actually being manifestations of popular discontent. The pro-Kremlin media frequently use disinformation narratives about popular protests allegedly incited by the US around the world, including colour revolutions in Eastern Europe, Euromaidan in Ukraine, protests in Catalonia and others.

The widespread protests against racial injustice and police brutality broke out in the US after the death of George Floyd in police custody in Minneapolis on the 25th of May, 2020. The protests followed several high-profile incidents involving African Americans and the police, invoking debates about racism in the US. Though the situation was very tense for some days and protests spread to all 50 states of the country, military top officials and police officers worked effectively to de-escalate the situation, and demonstrations became largely peaceful after the first days.