Disinfo: Ukraine refuses to adhere to the Minsk agreements

Summary

Ukraine refuses to adhere to the internationally recognised way to end the bloodshed and resolve the conflict in the Donbas. Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba declares that Ukraine refuses to fulfil a number of clauses of the Minsk agreements. Consequently, Ukraine refuses to implement the entire package of the Minsk agreements aimed at resolving the conflict in the Donbas.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, claiming that Ukraine refuses to implement the Minsk agreements. Ukraine has never claimed that it does not want to implement the Minsk agreements. The implementation of the agreements remains one of the key priorities of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy. The disinformation message refers to a social media post from the Ukrainian Minister for Foreign Affairs. The Minister confirmed that Ukraine is ready to seek a compromise, however, Ukraine will not trade its sovereignty and independence:

"Settlement is impossible without compromise. But space for the compromise will open only when the weapons fall silent. The main priority is the implementation of a long and verified ceasefire. At the same time, we have made it clear that Ukraine will not cross the red line of its sovereignty and territorial integrity."

This was the official Ukrainian position for many years, it was discussed on negotiations in Minsk and during the recent Normandy Four meeting. Over the last 12 months, Ukraine has made serious steps to resolve the conflict in Donbas peacefully. Ukraine initiated a Normandy Four meeting that was held on December 9, 2019. Ukraine agreed that a full and comprehensive ceasefire is necessary. The parties of the Normandy Summit also agreed to release captives on the principle "all for all" by December 2019. Three prisoner exchanges have been conducted, with the last one taking place during the COVID-19 lockdown. The law on special order of local self-government in certain areas of Donbas was extended for another year. A disengagement of troops was achieved in Zolote, Petrivske, and Stanytsia Luhanska. Ukraine also rebuilt a bridge in Stanytsia Luhanska that was destroyed by the pro-Russian militants in March 2015. Moreover, the negotiations in the Trilateral Contact Group (TCG) have not been suspended due to the coronavirus crisis. The meetings were held in a video format. Ukraine also increased the number of its representatives in the TCG in order to intensify the work of the latter. The Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak explained that "with this step, Ukraine once again demonstrates great commitment to implement the Minsk agreements. Second, we demonstrate that we want to move forward and not waste time."

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 201
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04/06/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Minsk agreements, War in Ukraine
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20,000 people took part in massive racist violence in Paris

On Monday, June 2nd in the North of Paris, 20,000 people took part in a racist outburst of violence implying rape, murder and plunder with the implicit complicity of authorities which is the definition of the word pogrom.

Disproof

Classical lexical excess of titles changing totally the meaning of events especially using the implication that the western countries bear the guilt of anti-Semitism. A pogrom is a word that has two meanings in Russian, it comes from the verb Gromit' (громи́ть) to smash, to sack. The first meaning is devastation, mayhem, carnage. The second is a nationalist attack against minorities or ethnic groups (Jews especially). After terrible attacks against Jewish villages during the Tsarist time the word came into English and French but only with the second meaning. The French academy gives the following definition:

Outburst of popular violence directed against the Jewish community, accompanied by looting and often murder, generally led by extremist movements and tolerated by the regime in power. By extension. Name later given in other countries to violence against certain communities, mainly against the Jewish community.

The event of the march in Paris in the memory of Adama Traoré that gathered 20,000 people on 2 June was described by most media including RT France as a peaceful gathering. RT France gave extensive coverage of this massive but illegal demonstration and it cannot be described in any way as a pogrom. After the end, at 21:00 incidents occurred, confrontation with the police, fire of garbage, blockage of the traffic on the ring road... In no way, such sporadic event can include 20,000 or have a high degree of violence or racism. Finally, even if the very large meaning of that word was accepted widely it cannot be affirmed that 20,000 people took part in this since only a minority created minor disorder after the end of the demonstration.

The protests in the US may be a colour revolution orchestrated by those who promoted the fake Russiagate

Peaceful protests degenerated into riots and deliberate fires, followed by violence, clashes with police and political demands for regime change, driving comparisons to the events in Ukraine, north Africa or Serbia, or, more recently, Bolivia, Venezuela and Hong Kong. This is not the first time that an African American man dies at the hands of the police and a peaceful protest turns violent, but it is the first Black Lives Matter protest that spread everywhere and quickly gained an openly political and partisan dimension, despite that the four agents involved in the death of George Floyd were immediately fired and one of them was charged with murder a few days later. It is not surprising that Trump is blamed for the death of Floyd, despite that Minneapolis and Minnesota are run by Democrats. He was also blamed for the coronavirus by the Democrats, the same people that insisted for years that Russiagate was real. Now they blame Trump for responding to the riots (what they call “peaceful protests”) by sending the army. Colour revolutions follow a script: find a legitimate cause, ask the police and the army to join the protests, and if they don’t, intensify the riots to provoke a forceful response that creates martyrs. Everything useful must be captured by cameras, and any inconvenience removed from memory. The goal is not reform, equity or justice, but regime change. The old Serbian joke says that no colour revolution can take place in the US because there is no US Embassy there, so all this must surely be a mere coincidence. Surprisingly, everything that the US applied all over the world is being implemented in its territory.

Disproof

This is a mix of several recurrent pro-Kremlin narratives, framing every protest movement in the world as a colour revolution promoted from the outside and aiming at regime change and portraying the Democratic Party in the US as part of a Deep State conspiracy to illegally topple president Donald Trump by falsely linking him to Russia. The claim that the protests after the death of African American citizen George Floyd are a colour revolution orchestrated by the Democrats is a conspiracy theory, and zero evidence is provided to back it. On the contrary, many Democratic leaders have called upon demonstrators to go home, or at least to strictly stick to peaceful protest and avoid looting and violence. While some of them, along with some Republicans opposed to Donald Trump, are encouraging citizens to vote for the Democratic Party in the upcoming elections of November 2020 if they want to replace Donald Trump, that can hardly be considered a plot to overthrow the president. You can see other examples of these disinformation narratives in our database, such as claims that coronavirus is a pretext for a global colour revolution, that UK is deploying women ambassadors to CIS countries to instigate regime change, that the Vatican and Ukrainian Nazis are assisting in similar efforts in Hong Kong, that Donald Trump’s impeachment was a failed plot by Democrats obsessed with billionaire George Soros, that the Mueller Report is another proof of how Russia is always falsely blamed or that US Democrats accuse Russia of interference as a preventive measure for their upcoming defeat. [NOTE: The first article is actually a translation from RT English, see here: https://www.rt.com/op-ed/490575-america-riots-color-revolution/]

Crimea became part of Russia after the events of 2014 in Ukraine

The Crimean peninsula became part of Russia after the events of 2014 in Ukraine, when power changed in the country as a result of a coup. The decision was made following the results of a nationwide referendum, in which more than 80% of Crimeans participated. More than 95% of Crimean residents voted for reunion with Russia. Despite the results of the referendum, Kyiv denies the peninsula’s right to self-determination and refuses to recognise it as part of Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the annexation of Crimea, claiming that Crimea voted to rejoin Russia through a legal referendum. Crimea is a part of Ukraine and was illegally annexed by Russia. In 2014, Russian troops obliged the parliament of Crimea to organise a referendum, which was illegitimate under international law, and then formally annexed the peninsula and brought it under Russian territorial control. The annexation has been condemned by the UNGA (see the resolution A/RES/68/262 on the territorial integrity of Ukraine). No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced on 27 February 2014 and held on 16 March 2014. Following the covert invasion by “little green men,” the referendum in Crimea was conducted hastily and at gunpoint, barring impartial observers from entering the peninsula. A year after the illegal annexation, Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted that the plan to annex Crimea was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum. The European Union does not recognise Crimea's annexation and continues to condemn it as a violation of international law. EU sanctions continue to be in place against Russia as a consequence of the annexation. For the EU's statement on the sixth anniversary of Crimea annexation see here. The article also claims that sanctions against Russia are not effective, and some countries are urging the EU to weaken or lift the sanctions against Russia. See the case: EU is suffering from sanctions against Russia. It also said that restrictions do not have any effect on Russia, whose economy has long adapted to them. See the case: Sanctions against Russia are ineffective.